Clarksville City

Clarksville City is on U.S Highway 80 between Gladewater and White Oak in northeast Gregg County. The first settlers arrived in the area before 1845. There was a stagecoach stop at the home of William W. Walters, which was later owned and operated by Warren P. Victory. Though first known as Gilead, the post office was named Point Pleasant in 1852. It closed in 1867. The community withered when the railroad bypassed it in 1873 and Gladewater was established. With the advent of the East Texas oilfield in 1930, so many homes, businesses, and oil-company camps and offices sprang up along the highway that it was called the Main Street of Texas, and street numbers were designated from Longview to Gladewater. The area around George W. Clark's home on the site of the old stagecoach stop became known as Clarksville. After extensive paving projects and other civic improvements in the 1940s and the construction of Lake Gladewater in 1952, the nearby city of Gladewater had a high tax rate and was extending its boundaries. Industrialists in the area to the east became alarmed at the prospect of being taken into Gladewater and taxed more. A movement to incorporate, spearheaded by several oil companies and the L. W. Pelphrey Company, a general contractor specializing in oilfield construction, culminated in a vote to establish Clarksville City on September 14, 1956. Pelphrey was elected mayor and served until his death in August 1961. The bypassed portion of Old Highway 80 is named Pelphrey Drive in his honor. The population dwindled as drilling reached the state allowable and producing wells became automated. Cities Service Oil Company closed its office and camp in the early 1960s, and Sun Oil Company soon followed. After a population low of 359 in the 1960s, growth was steady. In 1990 Clarksville City had 720 residents and twenty businesses. In 2000 the population was 806. The town has an elected mayor and council with a city manager form of government. The city hall was built in 1962 and doubled in size in 1991. The area is in the Gladewater Independent School District. A Texas historical marker for the old community of Point Pleasant is at the city hall.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Clarksville City is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Clarksville City is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Clarksville]
  • (Gilead)
  • (Point Pleasant)
  • (St. Clair)

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.53281720
    Longitude
    -94.89449100

Has Post Office

No

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Clarksville City by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Clarksville City
Pop. Year Source
942 2019 Texas Demographic Center
865 2010 Texas Demographic Center
806 2000 Texas Demographic Center
720 1990 Texas Demographic Center