Colita, west of Farm Road 350 ninety miles north of Houston in west central Polk County, was one of a cluster of communities known collectively as the Louisiana Settlement. It was established around 1840 and named after Colita, a Coushatta Indian chief whose tribe had frequently camped at the site and had established friendly relations with the Texans during the Texas Revolution. The rural community had a post office from 1853 to 1909. Colita Academy, established in 1870, served local residents for twenty years. In 1900 Colita had a population of 100. In 1990 a church and two cemeteries remained near the site. In 2000 the population was fifty.

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Robert Wooster | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Colita is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Colita is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Caleta]
  • (Louisiana Settlement)


Latitude: 30.88380010
Longitude: -95.00993450

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Population Count, 2009