Colorado City

Colorado City, Texas

Colorado City, Texas

Downtown view of Colorado City, the seat of Mitchell County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Colorado City, the county seat of Mitchell County, is on the Colorado River, Lone Wolf Creek, U.S. Highway 20/80, State highways 208 and 163, and the Missouri Pacific Railroad, thirty-eight miles east of Big Spring and twenty-three miles south of Snyder in the north central part of the county. It has been called the "Mother City of West Texas" for its early origin as a ranger camp in 1877 and for its prominence as a cattlemen's center. In 1881 the town was chosen county seat and acquired a station on the new Texas and Pacific Railway. Local ranchers hauled in tons of buffalo bones (see BONE BUSINESS) for shipment to the East and loaded their empty wagons with provisions purchased from pioneer merchant William H. "Uncle Pete" Snyder and others. When the town was granted a post office in 1881 Prince A. Hazzard became the first postmaster. Water was hauled to town from Seven Wells and elsewhere and sold at fifty cents a barrel. The first school, conducted in a dugout in 1881, was moved to a building the next year, and soon a new building was built.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Colorado City is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists


Place type

Colorado City is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Colorado]


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.

Search Places »

Colorado City by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Colorado City
Pop. Year Source
3,724 2019 Texas Demographic Center
4,146 2010 Texas Demographic Center
4,281 2000 Texas Demographic Center
4,749 1990 Texas Demographic Center
5,405 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,227 1970 Texas Demographic Center
6,457 1960 Texas Demographic Center
6,774 1950 Texas Demographic Center
5,213 1940 Texas Demographic Center
4,671 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,766 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,840 1910 Texas Demographic Center
1,200 1880 Texas Demographic Center