Colorado County

Colorado County, Texas

Colorado County, Texas

Santa Claus Museum in the city of Columbus, the county seat of Colorado County. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Colorado County, located about sixty miles above the Gulf of Mexico in south central Texas, is bounded on the northeast by Austin County, on the southeast by Wharton County, on the south by Jackson County, on the southwest by Lavaca County, and on the northwest by Fayette County. It is roughly rectangular in shape except for a small strip extending to the southwest. The center point of the county is at 29°38' north latitude and 96°32' west longitude. The county was named for the Colorado River, which bisects it northwest to southeast. Columbus is the county seat. Colorado County is crossed by Interstate Highway 10, U.S. highways 90 and 90A, and State Highway 71, as well as by the Union Pacific railroad. The county includes 964 square miles of level to rolling land with elevations that range from 150 to 425 feet above sea level. The annual rainfall is forty-one inches. The average minimum temperature in January is 41° F, and the average maximum in July is 96°. The growing season lasts 280 days. From 11 to 20 percent of the land is considered prime farmland. Colorado County has several different soil sections: light-colored soils with clayey subsoils predominate in the southwest and northeast; poorly drained soils with cracking, clayey subsoils are found along the Colorado River; and loamy soils with cracking, clayey subsoils characterize the center. The northwest part of the county, in the Blackland Prairie area, supports elm, oak, pecan, and mesquite trees along streams. The remainder is a post oak savanna, where post oak, blackjack oak, and elm grow, with walnuts and pecans along streams.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Colorado County

Highlighted:
  • Colorado County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Colorado County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

125 ft – 450 ft

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Colorado County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Colorado County
Pop. Year Source
21,493 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Colorado County
People Year Source
9,345 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$46,821 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Colorado County
USD ($) Year Source
5,397,132,413 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Colorado County
USD ($) Year Source
315,381,916 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Colorado County
USD ($) Year Source
82,801,564 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
43.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
40.8 94.3 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Colorado County
Area (square miles) Year Source
960.3 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Colorado County
Area (square miles) Year Source
973.7 2019 United States Census Bureau