Commerce

Commerce, Texas

Commerce, Texas

The City of Commerce is home to Texas A&M University-Commerce, one of the smallest college towns in Texas. Photograph credit: East Texas State Normal College, 1920 Locust Yearbook.

Commerce is at the juncture of State highways 50, 11, 24, and 224, fifteen miles from Greenville in northeastern Hunt County. It owes its origins to William Jernigin, a pioneer merchant in partnership with Josiah Hart Jackson in nearby Cow Hill, who in 1872 opened a mercantile store on the site of the northwest corner of the present town square to take advantage of a new trade route that developed with the building of a new bridge on the South Sulphur River. The community grew up around Jernigin's store and apparently received its name on one of Jernigin's business trips to Jefferson. Jernigin had his merchandise sent to "commerce," since his small community did not have a name. In 1885, the year of incorporation, Commerce had twelve businesses in addition to a hotel and livery stable, a wood shop and wagon factory, and a steam mill and gin, as well as a church and school. In 1887 the St. Louis Southwestern Railway (the Cotton Belt) connected Commerce with Texarkana, Sherman, and Fort Worth. During the 1890s Commerce gained additional rail outlets to Ennis and Paris with the arrival of the Texas Midland Railroad. Commerce has been a college town since 1894, when William L. Mayo moved his East Texas Normal College from Cooper to Commerce to benefit from the rail connections and to collect a $1,000 bonus offered by the community.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Commerce is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Commerce is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Ashland)
  • (Cowhill)

Locations

  • Latitude
    33.24188660
    Longitude
    -95.89962000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Commerce by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Commerce
Pop. Year Source
9,786 2019 Texas Demographic Center
8,078 2010 Texas Demographic Center
7,669 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,825 1990 Texas Demographic Center
8,136 1980 Texas Demographic Center
9,534 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,789 1960 Texas Demographic Center
5,889 1950 Texas Demographic Center
4,699 1940 Texas Demographic Center
4,267 1930 Texas Demographic Center
3,842 1920 Texas Demographic Center
2,818 1910 Texas Demographic Center
1,800 1900 Texas Demographic Center
810 1890 Texas Demographic Center