Corpus Christi, Texas
Corpus Christi, a seaport at the mouth of the Nueces River on the west end of Corpus Christi Bay, is the county seat of Nueces County and the largest city on the South Texas coast. It lies at the junction of Interstate 37 and U. S. highways 77 and 181, 210 miles southwest of Houston. The city's transportation needs are also served by the Texas Mexican, Southern Pacific, and Missouri Pacific railways and Corpus Christi International Airport. In prehistoric times the area was inhabited by various tribes of the Karankawa Indian group, which migrated up and down the Coastal Bend region. It is not known who the first Europeans were to visit the area, but it seems most likely that Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and his band were the first Europeans who actually set foot on the site. The Spanish, however, largely ignored the region until the 1680s, when Frenchmen under René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, established a colony in Texas. Spanish authorities dispatched an expedition to the area in 1689 under Alonso De León, but the Corpus Christi Bay area remained unknown and unexplored until 1747, when Joaquín de Orobio y Basterra led an expedition down the Nueces River, reaching the bay on February 26. After Orobio's return, José de Escandón, governor and captain general of Nuevo Santander, proposed founding a settlement at the mouth of the Nueces called Villa de Vedoya. In the summer of 1749, fifty families accompanied by a squadron of soldiers and two priests set out to colonize the area, but because of prolonged drought and a lack of adequate provisions they gave up before reaching their goal.
Corpus Christi at a Glance
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Corpus Christi by the Numbers
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|317,863||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|326,162||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|305,215||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|277,454||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|257,453||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|231,999||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|204,525||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|167,690||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|108,287||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|57,301||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|27,741||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|10,522||1920||United States Census Bureau|
|8,222||1910||United States Census Bureau|
|4,703||1900||United States Census Bureau|
|4,387||1890||United States Census Bureau|
|3,257||1880||United States Census Bureau|
|2,140||1870||United States Census Bureau|
|175||1860||United States Census Bureau|