Corsicana, Texas

Corsicana, Texas

The State National Bank building in Corsicana is a historical landmark of the county seat built in 1926. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Corsicana, county seat and largest city of Navarro County, is in the central portion of the county fifty-eight miles southeast of Dallas at the junction of Interstate 45, U.S. highways 75 and 287, and State highways 22 and 31. It was established in 1848 to serve as the county seat of newly-established Navarro County. José Antonio Navarro, a hero of the Texas Revolution after whom the county was named, was given the honor of naming the new town; he suggested Corsicana after the island of Corsica, the birthplace of his parents. David R. Mitchell, an early area settler, donated 100 acres for a townsite, and with the assistance of Thomas I. Smith, platted the land and began selling lots. The new town was centered near a log tavern built in 1847 and owned and operated by Rev. Hampton McKinney. The first courthouse, a two-room log structure, was constructed in 1849, and served as a church, meeting hall and civic center until a new frame building was constructed in 1853. The first school, taught by Mack Elliot and a man named Lafoon, opened in the old courthouse in 1847, and a short time later the Corsicana Female Literary Institute began operating. Within a few years of the town's founding, a large number of mercantile establishments opened on and around the courthouse square, and new brick courthouse—a symbol of the town's growing prosperity—was erected in 1858. The first newspaper, the Prairie Blade, was founded in 1855; it was replaced by the Express in 1857, which in turn was replaced by the Observer on the eve of the Civil War.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Corsicana is classified as a Town


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Corsicana by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
25,109 2020 United States Census Bureau
24,764 2019 Texas Demographic Center
23,770 2010 United States Census Bureau
24,485 2000 United States Census Bureau
22,911 1990 United States Census Bureau
21,712 1980 United States Census Bureau
19,972 1970 United States Census Bureau
20,344 1960 United States Census Bureau
19,211 1950 United States Census Bureau
15,232 1940 United States Census Bureau
15,202 1930 United States Census Bureau
11,356 1920 United States Census Bureau
9,749 1910 United States Census Bureau
9,313 1900 United States Census Bureau
6,285 1890 United States Census Bureau
3,373 1880 United States Census Bureau
80 1870 United States Census Bureau