Corsicana

Corsicana, Texas

Corsicana, Texas

The State National Bank building in Corsicana is a historical landmark of the county seat built in 1926. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Corsicana, county seat and largest city of Navarro County, is in the central portion of the county fifty-eight miles southeast of Dallas at the junction of Interstate 45, U.S. highways 75 and 287, and State highways 22 and 31. It was established in 1848 to serve as the county seat of newly-established Navarro County. José Antonio Navarro, a hero of the Texas Revolution after whom the county was named, was given the honor of naming the new town; he suggested Corsicana after the island of Corsica, the birthplace of his parents. David R. Mitchell, an early area settler, donated 100 acres for a townsite, and with the assistance of Thomas I. Smith, platted the land and began selling lots. The new town was centered near a log tavern built in 1847 and owned and operated by Rev. Hampton McKinney. The first courthouse, a two-room log structure, was constructed in 1849, and served as a church, meeting hall and civic center until a new frame building was constructed in 1853. The first school, taught by Mack Elliot and a man named Lafoon, opened in the old courthouse in 1847, and a short time later the Corsicana Female Literary Institute began operating. Within a few years of the town's founding, a large number of mercantile establishments opened on and around the courthouse square, and new brick courthouse—a symbol of the town's growing prosperity—was erected in 1858. The first newspaper, the Prairie Blade, was founded in 1855; it was replaced by the Express in 1857, which in turn was replaced by the Observer on the eve of the Civil War.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Corsicana is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Corsicana is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.08223290
    Longitude
    -96.46828500

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Corsicana by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Corsicana
Pop. Year Source
24,764 2019 Texas Demographic Center
23,770 2010 Texas Demographic Center
24,485 2000 Texas Demographic Center
22,911 1990 Texas Demographic Center
21,712 1980 Texas Demographic Center
19,972 1970 Texas Demographic Center
20,344 1960 Texas Demographic Center
19,211 1950 Texas Demographic Center
15,232 1940 Texas Demographic Center
15,202 1930 Texas Demographic Center
11,356 1920 Texas Demographic Center
9,749 1910 Texas Demographic Center
9,313 1900 Texas Demographic Center
6,285 1890 Texas Demographic Center
3,373 1880 Texas Demographic Center
80 1870 Texas Demographic Center