Crystal City

Crystal City, Texas

Crystal City, Texas

Downtown view of Crystal City, seat of Zavala County, Texas. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Crystal City, the county seat of Zavala County, is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 83, Farm roads 393, 16, 1433, 65, and 582, and the Missouri Pacific Railroad, one mile north of the Dimmit county line in south central Zavala County. Two land developers, Carl F. Groos and E. J. Buckingham, developed the town in the early 1900s. In 1905 they purchased the 10,000-acre Cross S Ranch, sold off most of the land as farms, and platted the townsite of Crystal City, named for the clear artesian water of the area. The town received a post office in 1908, the same year the Crystal City and Uvalde Railway provided the first rail service to the community and the first school building was erected. Crystal City was incorporated in 1910, when it had an estimated 530 inhabitants, and by 1914 the community had a bank, three general stores, and the weekly Chronicle. In 1928 the county voted to make Crystal City the county seat, and that same year the community added a city manager to its mayor-council government. As soon as the railroad reached Crystal City, the community became a major shipping point for winter vegetables. At first onions were the major crop, but by the 1930s the city developed a reputation as the "Spinach Capital of the World." In 1936 the first annual spinach festival was held, and the following year a statue of the cartoon character Popeye, that mighty consumer of spinach, was erected across from the city hall. Carrots, tomatoes, peppers, and other vegetables were also marketed, and a vegetable cannery was opened in 1932.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Crystal City is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Crystal City is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    28.69084640
    Longitude
    -99.82571300

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Crystal City by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Crystal City
Pop. Year Source
6,354 2020 United States Census Bureau
7,270 2019 Texas Demographic Center
7,136 2010 Texas Demographic Center
7,190 2000 Texas Demographic Center
8,263 1990 Texas Demographic Center
8,334 1980 Texas Demographic Center
8,104 1970 Texas Demographic Center
9,101 1960 Texas Demographic Center
7,198 1950 Texas Demographic Center
6,529 1940 Texas Demographic Center
6,609 1930 Texas Demographic Center
800 1920 Texas Demographic Center