Dallas is on the Trinity River in the center of Dallas County in North Central Texas. It is crossed by Interstate highways 20, 30, 35, and 45. The city was founded by John Neely Bryan, who settled on the east bank of the Trinity near a natural ford in November 1841. Bryan had picked the best spot for a trading post to serve the population migrating into the region. The ford, at the intersection of two major Indian traces, provided the only good crossing point for miles. Two highways proposed by the Republic of Texas soon converged nearby. Unknown to Bryan, however, he had settled on land granted by the republic to the Texan Land and Emigration Company of St. Louis, headed by William S. Peters. Bryan eventually legalized his claim, and the extensive promotional efforts of the Peters colony attracted settlers to the region. In 1844 J. P. Dumas surveyed and laid out a townsite comprising a half mile square of blocks and streets. The origin of the name Dallas is unknown. Candidates include George Mifflin Dallas, vice president of the United States, 1845–49; his brother, Commodore Alexander J. Dallas, United States Navy; and Joseph Dallas, who settled near the new town in 1843. When Dallas County was formed in 1846, Dallas was designated as the temporary county seat; in 1850 voters selected it as the permanent county seat over Hord's Ridge (Oak Cliff) and Cedar Springs, both of which eventually came within its corporate limits. The Texas legislature granted Dallas a town charter on February 2, 1856. Dr. Samuel Pryor, elected the first mayor, headed a town government consisting of six aldermen, a treasurer-recorder, and a constable.
Dallas at a Glance
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Dallas is classified as a Town
- (Peters Colony)
Has Post Office
Photos of Dallas and surrounding areas
Photo of Downtown Dallas from I-35.
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Dallas by the Numbers
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|1,304,379||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|1,358,066||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|1,197,816||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|1,188,580||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|1,007,618||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|904,078||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|844,401||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|679,684||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|434,462||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|294,734||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|260,475||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|158,976||1920||United States Census Bureau|
|92,104||1910||United States Census Bureau|
|42,638||1900||United States Census Bureau|
|38,067||1890||United States Census Bureau|
|10,358||1880||United States Census Bureau|
|3,000||1870||United States Census Bureau|
|2,000||1860||United States Census Bureau|
|480||1850||United States Census Bureau|