Detroit

Detroit, Texas

Detroit, Texas

Detroit, Texas. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Detroit is on the Missouri Pacific Railroad and U.S. Highway 82, two miles from the Lamar county line in western Red River County. It developed around the proposed route of the Texas and Pacific Railway in the early 1870s. When the railroad was completed in 1876 the post office at nearby Starkesville was moved to the new town, which was named Bennett. In 1887 J. M. Stephens, the local railway agent, renamed the town Detroit for his former home in Michigan. Because of its location on the railroad the town soon became an important trading center and shipping point for area farmers. By 1884 the population had reached 200, and local institutions included two steam mills, two cotton gins, a church, and a district school. By 1890 the population had reached 750, and the town had a weekly newspaper, the New Era, published by S. B. Norwood. Two years later two hotels and a bank were in operation, and the population of Detroit was estimated at 900. By 1910 it had reached 1,500. During the years following 1910 the population of Detroit declined steadily, reaching a low of 425 by 1960. Then the town began to grow again, with populations of 726 and 805 reported in 1970 and 1980, respectively. In 1990 Detroit had 706 residents. The population was 776 in 2000.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Detroit is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Bennett)
  • (Starkesville)

Locations

  • Latitude
    33.66019540
    Longitude
    -95.26645300

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Detroit by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Detroit
Pop. Year Source
697 2019 Texas Demographic Center
732 2010 Texas Demographic Center
776 2000 Texas Demographic Center
706 1990 Texas Demographic Center