Ector County

Ector County, Texas

Ector County, Texas

Landscape view of oil fields across Ector County, Texas.
Photograph Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Ector County is in West Texas on the lower shelf of the Great Plains and on the northern border of the Edwards Plateau, bounded on the north by Andrews County, on the west by Winkler County, on the east by Midland County, and on the south by Crane and Ward counties. The county's midpoint is 30°53' north latitude and 102°33' west longitude, about thirty miles southwest of Midland. The county was named for Mathew D. Ector, a Confederate general and Texas jurist. It covers 907 square miles of level to rolling land with elevations that vary from 2,500 to 3,300 feet above sea level. The annual rainfall is 13.77 inches. The average minimum temperature in January is 30° F; the average maximum in July is 96°. The county has a growing season of 217 days, though less than 1 per cent of the land is considered prime farmland. Ector County's geology is significant since the county is a major producer of petroleum products. Oil in the Permian Basin was formed in comparatively shallow reservoirs bound by Permian Age limestone. Above the oil a large gas cap formed, which in modern times provides the energy for producing the oil underneath, making the Permian Basin nearly ideal for oil and gas production. Over 35,897,000 barrels of oil were taken from Ector County lands in 1990; between 1926, when oil was first discovered in the county, and 1990 the county produced 2,726,524,140 barrels of petroleum, making it the second most productive oil county in Texas.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Ector County

Highlighted:
  • Ector County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Ector County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2780 ft – 3360 ft

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Ector County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Ector County
Pop. Year Source
166,223 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Ector County
People Year Source
85,961 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$47,271 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Ector County
USD ($) Year Source
13,657,911,921 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Ector County
USD ($) Year Source
4,121,972,221 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Ector County
USD ($) Year Source
1,332,179,998 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
13.0 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
13.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
31.8 94.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Ector County
Area (square miles) Year Source
897.7 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Ector County
Area (square miles) Year Source
901.8 2019 United States Census Bureau