Edinburg

Edinburg, the Hidalgo county seat, is on U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107 in the south central part of the county. It is part of the McAllen, Pharr, Edinburg metropolitan area. Hidalgo, on the Rio Grande, was the original county seat. John Closner and William Briggs, who had land-development projects in the vicinity of Chapin, seventeen miles north of Hidalgo, made Chapin county seat. The townsite was named after Dennis B. Chapin, another of its promoters. Chapin's involvement in a homicide caused a change of name in 1911 to Edinburg, in honor of the birthplace in Scotland of John Young. The town grew slowly to some 800 inhabitants by 1915 and remained unincorporated until 1919. During its early years it served a ranching community, but the arrival of irrigation in 1915 initiated an agricultural economy. Edinburg quickly became a center for buying and processing cotton, grain, and citrus produce. Other economic developments before World War II included vegetable, sorghum, corn, sugarcane, and poultry (eggs) industries. After the war the economy diversified further to include peach and melon production, food-processing plants, cabinetry, oilfield equipment, concrete products, agricultural chemicals, and corrugated boxes. In the 1970s tourism increased significantly.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Edinburg is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Edinburg is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Chapin)

Locations

  • Latitude
    26.31583740
    Longitude
    -98.16344600

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Edinburg by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Edinburg
Pop. Year Source
98,160 2019 Texas Demographic Center
74,588 2010 Texas Demographic Center
48,465 2000 Texas Demographic Center
31,091 1990 Texas Demographic Center
24,075 1980 Texas Demographic Center
17,163 1970 Texas Demographic Center
18,706 1960 Texas Demographic Center
12,383 1950 Texas Demographic Center
8,718 1940 Texas Demographic Center
4,821 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,406 1920 Texas Demographic Center