The first Fort Travis, on the eastern end of Galveston Island, was the first fort established by the Republic of Texas in 1836 to protect the Galveston harbor entrance. It was an octagonal structure mounted with six and twelve pound guns from the Cayuga and was commanded by James Morgan. The fort, originally called Fort Point, was renamed for William Barrett Travis, commander at the Alamo. When building began in April 1836, the nearby construction camp was called Camp Travis. The garrison was withdrawn in 1844. Two other installations, the earthworks of James Long and later fortifications of the Civil War and Reconstruction period, were west of the fort site. Neither is still standing today.
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