Fredericksburg

Fredericksburg, Texas

Fredericksburg, Texas

Fredericksburg, Texas Photo by Mark König on Unsplash

Fredericksburg, the county seat of Gillespie County, is seventy miles west of Austin in the central part of the county. The town was one of a projected series of German settlements from the Texas coast to the land north of the Llano River, originally the ultimate destination of the German immigrants sent to Texas by the Adelsverein. In August 1845 John O. Meusebach left New Braunfels with a surveying party to select a site for a second settlement en route to the Fisher-Miller Land Grant. He eventually chose a tract of land sixty miles northwest of New Braunfels, where two streams met four miles above the Pedernales River; the streams were later named Barons Creek, in Meusebach's honor, and Town Creek. Meusebach was impressed by the abundance of water, stone, and timber and upon his return to New Braunfels arranged to buy 10,000 acres on credit. The first wagontrain of 120 settlers arrived from New Braunfels on May 8, 1846, after a sixteen-day journey, accompanied by an eight-man military escort provided by the Adelsverein. Surveyor Hermann Wilke laid out the town, which Meusebach named Fredericksburg after Prince Frederick of Prussia, an influential member of the Adelsverein. Each settler received one town lot and ten acres of farmland nearby. The town was laid out like the German villages along the Rhine, from which many of the colonists had come, with one long, wide main street roughly paralleling Town Creek. The earliest houses in Fredericksburg were built simply, of post oak logs stuck upright in the ground. These were soon replaced by Fachwerk houses, built of upright timbers with the spaces between filled with rocks and then plastered or whitewashed over (see GERMAN VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE).

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Fredericksburg is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    30.26652930
    Longitude
    -98.87600000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Fredericksburg by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Fredericksburg
Pop. Year Source
11,529 2019 Texas Demographic Center
10,530 2010 Texas Demographic Center
8,911 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,934 1990 Texas Demographic Center
6,412 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,326 1970 Texas Demographic Center
4,629 1960 Texas Demographic Center
3,854 1950 Texas Demographic Center
3,544 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,416 1930 Texas Demographic Center