The Gainesville War Memorial at Gainesville, Texas
Gainesville, county seat of Cooke County, is in the county's approximate geographic center, on Interstate Highway 35 about sixty-seven miles north of Dallas. In the 1840s the first settlers arrived in the area, attracted by the promises of the newly created Peters colony, which offered 640 acres to each head of family and 320 to each single man, plus land for a church in each settlement. In 1850 Gainesville was established on a 40-acre tract donated by Mary E. Clark. At the suggestion of Col. William F. Fitzhugh, commander of a stockade 3½ miles southeast, the town was named in honor of Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines. Gaines, a United States general under whom Fitzhugh had served, had been sympathetic with the Texas Revolution. Gainesville originally consisted of three families who lived in log houses near the banks of Elm Creek. Although Gainesville was made a stop on the Butterfield Overland Mail route in 1858, Indian attacks retarded the community's growth in its first decade. During the Civil War a controversial trial and hanging of suspected Union loyalists brought the new town to the attention of the state (see GREAT HANGING AT GAINESVILLE).
Gainesville at a Glance
Gainesville is part of or belongs to the following places.
Adopt a Town
The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town, county, or lake of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.
Gainesville is classified as a Town
Has Post Office
Photos of Gainesville and surrounding areas
Proud to call Texas home?
Put your name on the town, county, or lake of your choice.
Search Places »
Gainesville by the Numbers
This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."
|17,394||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|16,639||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|16,002||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|15,538||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|14,256||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|14,081||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|13,830||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|13,083||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|11,246||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|9,651||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|8,915||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|8,643||1920||United States Census Bureau|
|7,624||1910||United States Census Bureau|
|7,874||1900||United States Census Bureau|
|6,594||1890||United States Census Bureau|
|2,667||1880||United States Census Bureau|