Gladewater is at the intersection of U.S. highways 80 and 271, thirteen miles west of Longview on the boundary between Gregg and Upshur counties. It was founded by the Texas and Pacific Railway Company in 1873 on land bought from Jarrett Dean and Anderson White. A community called St. Clair, two miles to the east, moved to Gladewater when the railroad announced that the only mail stop in the area would be there; residents from Point Pleasant, also bypassed by the railroad, moved to Gladewater. The first post office at Gladewater was established on August 22, 1873. The town's name probably originated from its proximity to Glade Creek, a stream that rose in a rather barren region called the Glades.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Gladewater is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Place type

Gladewater is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Gilead)
  • (St. Clair)


  • Latitude

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Gladewater by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
6,134 2020 United States Census Bureau
6,847 2019 Texas Demographic Center
6,441 2010 United States Census Bureau
6,078 2000 United States Census Bureau
6,027 1990 United States Census Bureau
6,548 1980 United States Census Bureau
5,574 1970 United States Census Bureau
5,742 1960 United States Census Bureau
5,305 1950 United States Census Bureau
4,454 1940 United States Census Bureau