Glen Rose

Glen Rose, Texas

Glen Rose, Texas

Downtown view of Glen Rose, the county seat of Somervell County, Texas Photograph by Renelibrary.

Glen Rose, the county seat of Somervell County, is at the junction of U.S. Highway 67 and State Highway 144, on the Paluxy River in the central part of the county. The area was first settled in 1849 by Charles Barnard, who opened a trading post with his brother George Barnard near Comanche Peak. The Barnard brothers left the area in 1854 to operate a trading post on the Brazos Indian Reservation in present-day Young County. After the reservation was closed in 1859, Charles Barnard returned to the area and built the first store on what is now the site of Glen Rose. The next year he contracted with Milam County for a section of the land. County officials agreed to donate the title to him on the condition that Barnard build a flour and grist mill. He agreed, began construction on the mill, and named the town Barnard's Mill. The mill itself became a central part of community life; it served as a dance hall, as a meetinghouse, and in later years as the town hospital. By the 1980s it was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In 1871 Barnard sold the mill to Maj. Tyler Calhoun Jordan of Dallas for $65,000. Popular tradition holds that Jordan's wife, Annie R. Lewis Jordan, suggested the name Rose Glen, because the scenic countryside reminded her of her native Scotland. However, census records indicate that she was born in Alabama. At a town meeting in 1872 residents agreed on the name Glen Rose rather than the alternative proposal. A post office was opened there in 1874, and Glen Rose became county seat of the newly formed Somervell County in 1875.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Glen Rose is classified as a Town

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  • (Barnard's Mill)


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Glen Rose by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Glen Rose
Pop. Year Source
2,817 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,444 2010 Texas Demographic Center
2,122 2000 Texas Demographic Center
1,949 1990 Texas Demographic Center
2,075 1980 Texas Demographic Center
1,554 1970 Texas Demographic Center
1,495 1960 Texas Demographic Center
1,248 1950 Texas Demographic Center
1,050 1940 Texas Demographic Center
983 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,000 1920 Texas Demographic Center
890 1900 Texas Demographic Center
400 1890 Texas Demographic Center
132 1880 Texas Demographic Center