Goldthwaite, the county seat of Mills County, is at the convergence of U.S. highways 84 and 183, State Highway 16, and Farm roads 574 and 572, in the central part of the county. The town was established in what was then southern Brown County in 1885, with the coming of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway, and was named for Joe G. Goldthwaite, the railroad official who conducted the auction of town lots. The post office opened in 1886. After Mills County was organized the following year, a number of landowners donated townsite property in exchange for assurances that Goldthwaite would be selected county seat. A county courthouse was completed in 1890; the first county jail, constructed in 1888, is now on the National Register of Historic Places.
Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.
Kathy Edwards | © Texas State Historical Association
Goldthwaite at a Glance
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Goldthwaite by the Numbers
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|1,738||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|1,903||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|1,878||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|1,802||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|1,658||1990||United States Census Bureau|