City of Goliad, Goliad County, Texas

City of Goliad, Goliad County, Texas

Historic District in the City of Goliad, the seat of Goliad County, Texas. Photograph by Renelibrary.
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Map of Goliad County

Goliad, the county seat of Goliad County, originated as one of the oldest Spanish colonial municipalities in the state. The town is on the Southern Pacific Railroad, the San Antonio River, U.S. highways 59 and 183, and State Highway 239. It was established in October 1749, when colonizer José de Escandón recommended moving Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission and its royal protector, Nuestra Señora de Loreto de La Bahía del Espíritu Santo Presidio (Presidio La Bahía), from the Guadalupe River to a site named Santa Dorotea, on the San Antonio River. A new presidio, La Bahía, was built on a hill near the river, where sand, limestone, and timber were abundant. Around the presidio walls grew the settlement of La Bahía, and on the opposite bank stood Mission Espíritu Santo.

The fort supplied Spanish men-at-arms to the army of Bernardo de Gálvez in the American colonists' war against the British between 1779 and 1782, garrisoned Spanish troops throughout the 1810–21 Mexican war of independence, and after 1812 saw four separate attempts to establish Texas independence. In the longest siege in American military history, the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition captured La Bahía and held it for the first "Republic of Texas" from November 1812 until February 1813. In June 1817 Henry Perry and forty companions tried to capture the presidio but were repulsed. James Long, who surprised the occupying garrison in 1821 and met with little resistance, was unseated by deception after three days when 700 Spanish Royalist troops arrived from San Antonio.

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Jeri Robison Turner | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Great Texas Land Rush logo
Adoption Status:
This place has been adopted and will not be available until October 9, 2024
Adopted by:
Paula Mahan
Dedication Message:
In honor of my 2nd cousin, Henry R. A. Wigginton, Forgotten Fighter for Texas Independence.

Belongs to

Goliad is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Goliad is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (La Bahia 1)


Latitude: 28.67091980
Longitude: -97.39169100

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Goliad by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
1,620 2020 United States Census Bureau
2,058 2019 Texas Demographic Center
1,908 2010 United States Census Bureau
1,975 2000 United States Census Bureau
1,946 1990 United States Census Bureau
1,990 1980 United States Census Bureau
1,709 1970 United States Census Bureau
1,750 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,580 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,446 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,424 1930 United States Census Bureau
2,500 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,261 1900 United States Census Bureau
1,212 1860 United States Census Bureau
648 1850 United States Census Bureau