City of Goliad, Goliad County, Texas

City of Goliad, Goliad County, Texas

Historic District in the City of Goliad, the seat of Goliad County, Texas. Photograph by Renelibrary.
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Map of Goliad County

Goliad, the county seat of Goliad County, originated as one of the oldest Spanish colonial municipalities in the state. The town is on the Southern Pacific Railroad, the San Antonio River, U.S. highways 59 and 183, and State Highway 239. It was established in October 1749, when colonizer José de Escandón recommended moving Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga Mission and its royal protector, Nuestra Señora de Loreto de La Bahía del Espíritu Santo Presidio (Presidio La Bahía), from the Guadalupe River to a site named Santa Dorotea, on the San Antonio River. A new presidio, La Bahía, was built on a hill near the river, where sand, limestone, and timber were abundant. Around the presidio walls grew the settlement of La Bahía, and on the opposite bank stood Mission Espíritu Santo.

The fort supplied Spanish men-at-arms to the army of Bernardo de Gálvez in the American colonists' war against the British between 1779 and 1782, garrisoned Spanish troops throughout the 1810–21 Mexican war of independence, and after 1812 saw four separate attempts to establish Texas independence. In the longest siege in American military history, the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition captured La Bahía and held it for the first "Republic of Texas" from November 1812 until February 1813. In June 1817 Henry Perry and forty companions tried to capture the presidio but were repulsed. James Long, who surprised the occupying garrison in 1821 and met with little resistance, was unseated by deception after three days when 700 Spanish Royalist troops arrived from San Antonio.

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Jeri Robison Turner | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Adopted by: Paula Mahan
Adoption Message: In honor of my 2nd cousin, Henry R. A. Wigginton, Forgotten Fighter for Texas Independence.
Until: October 9th, 2024

Belongs to

Goliad is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Goliad is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (La Bahia 1)


Latitude: 28.67091980
Longitude: -97.39169100

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Population Count, 2021 View more »