Goliad County

Goliad County, Texas

Goliad County, Texas

Goliad County Courthouse, Goliad, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Goliad County is on the Coastal Plain twenty-five miles inland from Copano Bay in Southeast Texas. It is bounded by Bee, DeWitt, Karnes, Refugio, and Victoria counties. Goliad, one of the oldest settlements in Texas, is the county seat and largest town. The county's center point is at 28°40' north latitude and 97°23' west longitude. Goliad County, one of the original counties of Texas, was established in 1836, organized in 1837, and named for the vast Mexican Municipality of Goliad. It embraces 859 square miles, most of which is nearly level to gently rolling Rio Grande Plain, surfaced primarily by dark calcareous clays and sandy and clay loams, though land surfaces in the northeastern part of the county are primarily sandy loams and sands. The Coastal Prairie in the southeastern corner supports bluestem grassland, but most of the county lies within the post oak savannah belt and is dotted with blackjack, post, and live oak forests, intermixed with mesquite, huisache, red cedar, cacti, brush, and other vegetation; in the San Antonio River basin grow pecan and elm forests. The elevation ranges from 100 to 250 feet, and the climate is humid-subtropical. Temperatures range from an average high of 94° F in July to an average low of 46° in January, though records of 112° and 7° are recorded. The average growing season lasts 285 days, from late February to early December. The average annual precipitation is of 33.79 inches. The northeastern half of the county is drained primarily by the San Antonio River and Coleto, Manahuilla, and Perdido creeks; the southwestern area by Blanco, Mucorrera, and Sarco creeks. Coleto Creek Reservoir, an industrial reservoir on the Goliad-Victoria county line, is under the Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority. Typical mammals in Goliad County include white-tailed deer, bobcats, opossums, squirrels, foxes, armadillos, skunks, bats, cottontail rabbits, Plains pocket gophers, and mice; the county provides habitat for numerous reptile, fish, and bird species, such as the horned lizard and wild turkey.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town or county of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

County Map of Texas

Goliad County

Highlighted:
  • Goliad County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Goliad County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

50 ft – 420 ft

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Goliad County by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Population Counts

Goliad County
Pop. Year Source
7,658 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Goliad County
People Year Source
3,121 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$43,858 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Property Values

Goliad County
USD ($) Year Source
2,754,794,147 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Goliad County
USD ($) Year Source
40,971,254 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Goliad County
USD ($) Year Source
13,263,666 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.7 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Rainfall (inches) Year Source
36.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
42.5 93.8 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Land Area

Goliad County
Area (square miles) Year Source
852.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Goliad County
Area (square miles) Year Source
859.4 2019 United States Census Bureau