City of Gonzalez, Texas

City of Gonzalez, Texas

Municipal Building and City Hall in the City of Gonzalez, seat of Gonzalez County, Texas. Photograph by ProfReader.

Gonzales, the county seat of Gonzales County, is at the confluence of the Guadalupe and San Marcos rivers, on U.S. highways 90, 97, and 183 in the north central part of the county. It was surveyed by James Kerr as the capital of DeWitt's colony in 1825 and named for Rafael Gonzales, governor of Coahuila and Texas. The settlement was abandoned in July 1826 after two Indian attacks and was rebuilt on the Guadalupe River in 1827. Gonzales was surveyed a second time, by Byrd Lockhart in August 1832, when it was given sixteen leagues of land for town development. As the westernmost point of Anglo-American settlement and the closest town to San Antonio de BĂ©xar, it was the center of much of the Texas revolutionary activity. On October 2, 1835, Texans led by John H. Moore resisted Mexican dragoons sent to retrieve the town cannon. Challenging the Mexicans to "come and take it," the Texans rallied around the gun and fought the battle of Gonzales, the first skirmish of the Texas Revolution. On October 11 Stephen F. Austin took command of the volunteer army that had concentrated at Gonzales and there made preparations for the siege of Bexar. The following February the Gonzales Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers rode to the aid of William Barret Travis's command during the battle of the Alamo, where the thirty-two men of the Gonzales contingent perished on March 6, 1836. On March 13 of that year Susanna W. Dickinson, widow of one of the Alamo defenders, and Joe, Travis's slave, arrived in Gonzales with news of the Alamo slaughter. Sam Houston, who was there attempting to organize the Texas army, had the town burned and ordered a retreat, thus precipitating the Runaway Scrape.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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This place has been adopted and will not be available until September 24, 2024
Adopted by:
Jose H Cantu
Dedication Message:
In memory of My Father Placido G Cantu, My Grandfather Fortunato Cantu, and My Grandmother Virginia Garcia Cantu

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Gonzales is classified as a Town


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Gonzales by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
7,571 2019 Texas Demographic Center
7,237 2010 Texas Demographic Center
7,202 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,527 1990 Texas Demographic Center
7,152 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,854 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,829 1960 Texas Demographic Center
5,659 1950 Texas Demographic Center
4,722 1940 Texas Demographic Center
3,859 1930 Texas Demographic Center
3,128 1920 Texas Demographic Center
3,139 1910 Texas Demographic Center
4,297 1900 Texas Demographic Center
1,641 1890 Texas Demographic Center
1,581 1880 Texas Demographic Center
1,072 1850 Texas Demographic Center