Gonzales County

Gonzalez County, Texas

Gonzalez County, Texas

Gonzalez County Courthouse, in Gonzalez, Texas. Photograph by Larry D. Moore.

Gonzales County is south of Austin on U.S. highways 87, 90, 90A, and 183 and Interstate Highway 10. Gonzales is the county seat. Gonzales County, bordered by DeWitt, Lavaca, Fayette, Caldwell, and Guadalupe counties, comprises some 683,295 acres and 1,046.4 square miles, with elevations above sea level ranging from 2 to 400 feet. Major rivers that flow through the county include the San Marcos and the Guadalupe. The average annual rainfall is 32.6 inches, the annual temperature is 70° F, and the growing season averages 276 days a year. Three major land-resource areas in Gonzales County are the Texas Claypan Prairie, the Southern Blackland Prairie, and the Northern Rio Grande Plain. Seventy-five types of soils overlying nineteen different geologic formations have been identified in the county, the most diversified variety of any county in the state. Dark red sandstone is abundant in the northern and western areas of the county and quantities of light tan and gray sandstone have been quarried in the eastern area; both types of sandstone have been used as building material since the earliest arrival of settlers in the area. Typical vegetation in the county ranges from post oak savannah with tall grasses, post oak, and blackjack oak in the Texas Claypan area, to the dense growth of mesquite, prickly pear, brush, and low-growing grasses of the northern Rio Grande Plain, to the live oaks and pecan and walnut trees of the southern Blackland Prairie and timberlands. The walnut trees were a valuable source of wood for the numerous cabinetmakers that settled in the county; the demand for walnut was so great during the late 1800s that the trees were completely cleared. Natural resources include clay, used in the manufacture of household and personal-care products; sand and gravel, mined for road base and construction material; bentonite clay, used as a sealant; and oil, gas, and uranium (see URANIUM MINING). Large amounts of unconsolidated volcanic ash are found throughout the county, and at one time peat moss was mined in the Ottine area. The Salt Creek Flats in the southern portion of the county furnished the early settlers with enough salt to satisfy their needs, but salt was never produced commercially there.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Continue Reading at the Handbook of Texas

Dorcas Huff Baumgartner, Genevieve B. Vollentine | © Texas State Historical Association

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County Map of Texas

Gonzales County

Highlighted:
  • Gonzales County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Gonzales County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

200 ft – 562 ft

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Janice Town
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Lake Gonzales Lake
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Little New York Town
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Wrightsboro Town
Yokum Town
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Zint Town
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Gonzales County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Gonzales County
Pop. Year Source
20,837 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Gonzales County
People Year Source
9,135 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$43,342 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Gonzales County
USD ($) Year Source
5,659,635,130 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Gonzales County
USD ($) Year Source
274,536,382 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Gonzales County
USD ($) Year Source
83,850,045 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
34.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
39.9 94.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Gonzales County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,066.7 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Gonzales County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,069.9 2019 United States Census Bureau