Gray County

Gray County, Texas

Gray County, Texas

Gray County Courthouse, in Pampa, Texas. Photograph by Jeffrey Beall.

Gray County is located in the central part of the Panhandle and the eastern edge of the High Plains. Its center point is at 35°25' north latitude and 100°49' west longitude. Lefors is located near the center of the county, and Pampa, the county seat, is about twelve miles away in the northwestern corner. Pampa is approximately sixty miles northeast of Amarillo on U.S. Highway 60. The county occupies 934 square miles of level prairie and rolling river breaks. The county's sandy loam and black waxy soils support a variety of native grasses as well as abundant wheat, corn, grain sorghum, and hay crops. The timber in the riverbottoms includes cottonwoods, hackberries, elms, and walnuts as well as the ever-present mesquite. The county has huge reservoirs of oil and natural gas. Gray County is basically made up of two distinct parts: the flat plains in the west and north, and the Red River breaks in the east, center, and southeast. Gray County is at the head of the North Fork of the Red River; numerous intermittent and flowing creeks can be found in the eastern part of the county. McClellan Creek flows northeastward across the southern part of the county toward the North Fork, and the North Fork itself flows across the central part. Cantonment Creek flows southward and empties into the North Fork in the northeastern corner of the county. The elevation ranges from 2,500 to 3,300 feet above sea level, the average annual rainfall is 20.14 inches, and the growing season averages 195 days a year. The average minimum temperature is 23° F in January, and the average maximum is 94° in July.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Gray County

Highlighted:
  • Gray County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Gray County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2450 ft – 3320 ft

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Gray County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Gray County
Pop. Year Source
21,886 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Gray County
People Year Source
7,888 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$44,002 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Gray County
USD ($) Year Source
2,224,608,875 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Gray County
USD ($) Year Source
302,040,154 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Gray County
USD ($) Year Source
96,974,094 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
9.7 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
23.2 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
23.3 91.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Gray County
Area (square miles) Year Source
926.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Gray County
Area (square miles) Year Source
929.3 2019 United States Census Bureau