Greenville

City of Greenville, Hunt County, Texas

City of Greenville, Hunt County, Texas

Dowtown Greenville, the seat and largest city in Hunt County, Texas. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Greenville, the county seat of Hunt County, is a commercial and manufacturing center sixty miles northeast of Dallas on Interstate Highway 30. The community was established in 1846, the same year in which an act of the state legislature established Hunt County. The act authorized the use of the name Greenville for the county seat to honor Gen. Thomas J. Green. The location of the town was decided by residents of the central portion of the new county, who, after ballots, chose a 640-acre site donated by McQuinney Howell Wright, a surveyor, land speculator, and early settler. The site of Greenville was "a great prairie covered with tall waving grass." The survey began on May 11, 1846, and auctions for town lots began on January 15, 1847. All but one of the lots in the four blocks facing the town's prospective square were sold. Later auctions brought additional sales in the new town. The first county courthouse, a twenty-two foot log building, was raised shortly after the first auction; it was funded by the sales. Hunt County's population increased rapidly, but since most of the county's residents lived on farms Greenville grew slowly. A post office opened in 1847; it was the only one in the county until 1849. Greenville's first school opened in the county courthouse in 1847; by 1850 a one-room school building had been erected to house the Greenville Institute, a private primary school. Greenville incorporated on February 15, 1852. The Masonic lodge, organized in 1852 or 1853, built a hall that was used for a school and for church services. The village's business section, a collection of log buildings, surrounded the courthouse square. By the 1850s a general merchandise store, three taverns, three grocery stores, a law office, two hotels, a drug store, and a few other businesses operated in the Hunt County seat. The Odd Fellows organized a lodge prior to the Civil War.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Greenville is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Greenville is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    33.11154510
    Longitude
    -96.10947600

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Greenville by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Greenville
Pop. Year Source
28,851 2019 Texas Demographic Center
25,557 2010 Texas Demographic Center
23,960 2000 Texas Demographic Center
23,071 1990 Texas Demographic Center
22,161 1980 Texas Demographic Center
22,043 1970 Texas Demographic Center
19,087 1960 Texas Demographic Center
14,727 1950 Texas Demographic Center
13,995 1940 Texas Demographic Center
12,407 1930 Texas Demographic Center
12,384 1920 Texas Demographic Center
8,850 1910 Texas Demographic Center
6,860 1900 Texas Demographic Center
4,330 1890 Texas Demographic Center
246 1858 Texas Demographic Center