City of Greenville, Hunt County, Texas

City of Greenville, Hunt County, Texas

Dowtown Greenville, the seat and largest city in Hunt County, Texas. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Greenville, the county seat of Hunt County, is a commercial and manufacturing center sixty miles northeast of Dallas on Interstate Highway 30. The community was established in 1846, the same year in which an act of the state legislature established Hunt County. The act authorized the use of the name Greenville for the county seat to honor Gen. Thomas J. Green. The location of the town was decided by residents of the central portion of the new county, who, after ballots, chose a 640-acre site donated by McQuinney Howell Wright, a surveyor, land speculator, and early settler. The site of Greenville was "a great prairie covered with tall waving grass." The survey began on May 11, 1846, and auctions for town lots began on January 15, 1847. All but one of the lots in the four blocks facing the town's prospective square were sold. Later auctions brought additional sales in the new town. The first county courthouse, a twenty-two foot log building, was raised shortly after the first auction; it was funded by the sales. Hunt County's population increased rapidly, but since most of the county's residents lived on farms Greenville grew slowly. A post office opened in 1847; it was the only one in the county until 1849. Greenville's first school opened in the county courthouse in 1847; by 1850 a one-room school building had been erected to house the Greenville Institute, a private primary school. Greenville incorporated on February 15, 1852. The Masonic lodge, organized in 1852 or 1853, built a hall that was used for a school and for church services. The village's business section, a collection of log buildings, surrounded the courthouse square. By the 1850s a general merchandise store, three taverns, three grocery stores, a law office, two hotels, a drug store, and a few other businesses operated in the Hunt County seat. The Odd Fellows organized a lodge prior to the Civil War.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Greenville is classified as a Town


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Greenville by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
28,164 2020 United States Census Bureau
28,851 2019 Texas Demographic Center
25,557 2010 United States Census Bureau
23,960 2000 United States Census Bureau
23,071 1990 United States Census Bureau
22,161 1980 United States Census Bureau
22,043 1970 United States Census Bureau
19,087 1960 United States Census Bureau
14,727 1950 United States Census Bureau
13,995 1940 United States Census Bureau
12,407 1930 United States Census Bureau
12,384 1920 United States Census Bureau
8,850 1910 United States Census Bureau
6,860 1900 United States Census Bureau
4,330 1890 United States Census Bureau
246 1858 Texas Demographic Center