Hearne

Hearne is on the Missouri Pacific and the Southern Pacific railroads, U.S. highways 79 and 190, and State Highway 6, twelve miles southwest of Franklin and nine miles south of Calvert in southwestern Robertson County. It is on land originally granted to José Francisco Ruiz, Mexican commander of Fort Tenoxtitlán in 1830. In the 1840s Code Brown operated a tavern and stage stop in the area. Passengers traveling between Houston and Port Sullivan stopped there for refreshments, and the tavern functioned as the local post office and general store. During the 1850s Robertson County grew rapidly. The Hearnes, gentlemen planters of the Old South, moved in 1852 to the region, where they acquired 10,000 acres. There they operated large cotton plantations. In 1858 Christopher C. Hearne, determined to construct a railroad through the county, offered railroad promoters right-of-way and townsite land. However, the Civil War erupted before the railroad reached Hearne's plantation, and work halted. Eventually, Hearne's widow deeded 700 acres to the Houston and Texas Central Railway. Railroad construction resumed in 1867 and finally arrived at the new Hearne depot in April 1868. Soon large homes, a hotel, general stores, several saloons (initially housed in tents), and a drugstore lined the streets of Hearne. Soon thereafter churches organized, a Masonic hall was built, and Daniel Brady established a cotton gin. A post office opened in 1869. In 1870 the International-Great Northern negotiated a right-of-way across Robertson County on an east-west axis. The two lines intersected at Hearne. The cotton gins and two railroads established Hearne as the regional center for cotton marketing. The town incorporated in 1871 and in 1885 had four churches, schools, two gristmill-cotton gins, two hotels, and a newspaper, the Hearne Enterprise. The Hearne Democrat was published by J. Felton Lane in 1911.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Hearne is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Hearne is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Brown Springs)

Locations

  • Latitude
    30.87704660
    Longitude
    -96.59566300

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Hearne by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Hearne
Pop. Year Source
4,791 2019 Texas Demographic Center
4,459 2010 Texas Demographic Center
4,690 2000 Texas Demographic Center
5,132 1990 Texas Demographic Center
5,418 1980 Texas Demographic Center
4,982 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,172 1960 Texas Demographic Center
4,872 1950 Texas Demographic Center
3,511 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,956 1930 Texas Demographic Center
2,741 1920 Texas Demographic Center
2,353 1910 Texas Demographic Center
2,129 1900 Texas Demographic Center
1,421 1880 Texas Demographic Center