La Marque

La Marque, also known as Highlands and as Buttermilk Station, is an incorporated residential community on Interstate Highway 45, State Highway 3, and Farm roads 519, 1765, and 2004, some twelve miles northwest of Galveston in northwestern Galveston County. The community was originally known as Highlands, probably for its location near Highland Creek, and was renamed in the 1890s when residents learned of another mainland community of the same name. Madam St. Ambrose, postmistress, chose the new name, which in French means "the mark." The community's post office operated from 1887 until the 1930s. During the Civil War the town was known as Buttermilk Station after the soldiers' practice of purchasing buttermilk there on the trip between Galveston and Houston. In 1867 the town had six families, including two black families, and its residents raised cattle or rice. The local population rose from 100 in 1890 to 175 in 1896, when the community had a Baptist church and several fruit growers. A school with fourteen students existed before 1895, when Amos Stewart gave land for a larger facility. By 1909 two teachers served an enrollment of fifty-five students, and in 1913 further construction began. By 1914 the community had been reached by four railroads: the International and Great Northern; the Galveston, Houston and Henderson; the Missouri, Kansas and Texas; and the Interurban. At that time La Marque had both a railroad station and general store located in a private home. The town's population reached 500 in 1914 and 1,500 by 1952, when it had ninety businesses. As it grew together with nearby Texas City, La Marque served as a residential community for employees at a nearby Union Carbide plant and other plants in the La Marque-Texas City area, as well as the Galveston Island Medical Center. The town had a population of 17,000 and 130 businesses in 1977. In 1988 it had 15,697 residents and 158 businesses, and in 1991, some 14,258 residents and 272 businesses. In 2000 the population was 13,682 with 506 businesses.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

La Marque is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

La Marque is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Lamarque]
  • (Buttermilk Station)
  • (Highlands)

Locations

  • Latitude
    29.36894950
    Longitude
    -94.99562100

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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La Marque by the Numbers

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Population Counts

La Marque
Pop. Year Source
16,817 2019 Texas Demographic Center
14,509 2010 Texas Demographic Center
13,682 2000 Texas Demographic Center
14,120 1990 Texas Demographic Center
15,372 1980 Texas Demographic Center
16,131 1970 Texas Demographic Center
13,969 1960 Texas Demographic Center
7,359 1950 Texas Demographic Center