Los Ybanez

The City of Los Ybañez, Texas

The City of Los Ybañez, Texas

The City of Los Ybañez in Dawson County, Texas. Photograph by Unknown author, Texas Almanac.
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Los Ybanez, located approximately a mile off U. S. Highway 87 and southeast of Lamesa in central Dawson County, was the site of the Lamesa Farm Workers Community, a camp project constructed with federal funds by the Farm Security Administration in 1942. The camp was built to provide living facilities for Mexican migrant farm laborers and their families and to protect them from exploitation and discrimination. The camp, located on fifty acres, opened on August 17, 1942, and included residential buildings, a community center, medical clinic, and manager’s residence, as well as amenities such as indoor plumbing, a nursery, religious services, and recreational activities. During World War II the camp also temporarily housed soldiers during military training exercises.

The Lamesa Farm Workers Community ceased operations in 1980. That year Israel Ybanez purchased the camp for approximately $82,000 and renamed it Los Ybanez in honor of his family who aided in the purchase. Ybanez and his wife Mary planned to provide low income housing for impoverished families. Before establishing Los Ybanez, Israel was a labor contractor and Mary cleaned houses for families in Lamesa. The town incorporated in 1983 and had 300 official residents. Israel served as the mayor of the city while his wife was the city manager. Los Ybanez consisted of a community center, a manager’s house, twenty-five labor homes, twenty-five quadruplex shelters, twenty-five labor home barns, and fire, water, gas, and electrical systems. There was much controversy between the towns of Lamesa and Los Ybanez when Israel and Mary decided to have an election to allow for the sale of alcohol. At the time, residents of Lamesa and in the surrounding area had to drive to the strip outside of Lubbock or go to bootleggers to buy beer. Subsequently, the Ybanez family opened a package beer store—the only business in Los Ybanez. The population was eighty-three in 1990, but that figure continued to drop to thirty-two in 2000 and just nineteen in 2010. That year, a Texas Historical Marker honoring the Lamesa Farm Workers Community was erected in Los Ybanez.

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Yolanda G. Romero | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Great Texas Land Rush logo
Adoption Status:
This place has been adopted and will not be available until December 16, 2024
Adopted by:
Tomas Ybanez
Dedication Message:
Remember truth in roots.

Belongs to

Los Ybanez is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Los Ybanez is classified as a Town


Latitude: 32.71881590
Longitude: -101.91739000

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Population Count, 2021 View more »