Lubbock, Texas

Lubbock, Texas

The Lubbock Skyline and view of the city's downtown area, in Lubbock County, Texas. Photograph by Redraiderengineer.

Lubbock, the county seat of Lubbock County, is located at the approximate center of the county (at 33°35' N, 101°51' W) at an elevation of 3,256 feet above sea level. The city, the largest on the South Plains, is on Interstate Highway 27, 327 miles northwest of Dallas and 122 miles south of Amarillo. Lubbock was founded as a part of the movement westward onto the High Plains of Texas by ranchers and farmers. More directly it was the result of a compromise between two groups of town promoters, one led by Frank E. Wheelock and the other by W. E. Rayner. In the fall of 1890 these groups abandoned their settlements, known respectively as Old Lubbock and Monterey, and agreed on December 19 of that year to combine into the new settlement. In 1876 the county had been named for Thomas S. Lubbock, former Texas Ranger and brother of Francis R. Lubbock, governor of Texas during the Civil War. As early as 1884 a federal post office called Lubbock existed at George W. Singer's store in Yellow House Canyon, in the northern part of the present-day city.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Lubbock is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Monterey)
  • (Old Lubbock)


  • Latitude

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Lubbock by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
257,141 2020 United States Census Bureau
256,600 2019 Texas Demographic Center
229,573 2010 United States Census Bureau
199,564 2000 United States Census Bureau
186,206 1990 United States Census Bureau
173,979 1980 United States Census Bureau
149,101 1970 United States Census Bureau
128,691 1960 United States Census Bureau
71,747 1950 United States Census Bureau
31,853 1940 United States Census Bureau
20,520 1930 United States Census Bureau
4,051 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,938 1910 United States Census Bureau