Marshall is located on Interstate Highway 20 approximately thirty-nine miles west of Shreveport, Louisiana, in central Harrison County. At the time Harrison County was created in 1839, its county seat was located at Greensborough on the Sabine River. Marshall was established in early 1841 to serve as the seat of justice for Panola Judicial District. Two years later, as a result of a Supreme Court decision that invalidated judicial districts and in an effort to influence the commissioners who were choosing a site for the county seat of the newly-constituted Harrison County, Peter Whetstone offered land for a courthouse, a church, and a school. The offer was accepted, and the town, named by Isaac Van Zandt in honor of Chief Justice John Marshall, became the county seat in 1842. It was incorporated by the Texas legislature in 1844 and enlarged in 1850 to include an area of one square mile with the courthouse at the center. Marshall was the first town in Texas to have a telegraph; by 1854 the local paper had a telegraph link to New Orleans, which gave it quick access to national news. By 1860 Marshall was one of the largest and wealthiest towns in East Texas, with a population estimated at 2,000. The community had an outstanding group of lawyers and political leaders including the first and last governors of Confederate Texas, Edward Clark and Pendleton Murrah.
Marshall at a Glance
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Marshall by the Numbers
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|23,392||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|24,444||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|23,523||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|23,935||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|23,682||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|24,921||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|22,937||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|23,846||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|22,327||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|18,410||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|16,203||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|14,271||1920||United States Census Bureau|
|11,452||1910||United States Census Bureau|
|7,855||1900||United States Census Bureau|
|7,207||1890||United States Census Bureau|
|5,624||1880||United States Census Bureau|
|1,920||1870||United States Census Bureau|
|4,000||1860||United States Census Bureau|
|1,189||1850||United States Census Bureau|