Martha is on State Highway 321, three miles north of Dayton and forty-two miles northeast of Houston in western Liberty County. The locale was established as a shipping point on the Beaumont, Sour Lake and Western Railway shortly after the completion of that line to Houston in 1908. Although Martha saw only limited residential development, it did prove to be rich in oil deposits, with the Martha and South Martha oilfields being discovered in 1949 and 1958, respectively.
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