Martin County

Martin County, Texas

Martin County, Texas

View of the Historic Carmelite Monastery in the town of Staton, in Martin County, Texas.
Photograph Credit: Robert Plocheck.

Martin County, on the southern High Plains of west Central Texas, comprises 911 square miles and is bounded on the north by Dawson County, on the west by Andrews County, on the east by Howard County, and on the South by Midland and Glasscock counties. Its center lies at 32°18' north latitude and 101°70' west longitude, twenty-five miles northeast of Midland, and its elevation is 2,550 to 3,000 feet. Soils are predominantly red sandy loam; trees include hackberry, wild china, willow, plum, and mesquite. The annual average rainfall is 15.72 inches. The January minimum temperature averages 30° F, and the average maximum in July is 95° F. The growing season of 215 days produces a $36 million annual agricultural income, 90 percent of which is derived from the production of cotton, small grains, and corn, with the remainder from cattle, hogs, and goats. In 1982 the county produced 8,859,780 barrels of oil valued at $234 million. Sulphur Spring Creek, a tributary of the Colorado River, and Mustang Creek, a tributary of the North Concho River, drain the northern and southern portions of the county, respectively.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Martin County

Highlighted:
  • Martin County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Martin County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

2470 ft – 2976 ft

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Martin County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Martin County
Pop. Year Source
5,771 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Martin County
People Year Source
2,627 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$56,021 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Martin County
USD ($) Year Source
5,017,872,260 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Martin County
USD ($) Year Source
144,617,202 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Martin County
USD ($) Year Source
40,813,956 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
6.8 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
17.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
30.0 94.0 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Martin County
Area (square miles) Year Source
914.9 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Martin County
Area (square miles) Year Source
915.7 2019 United States Census Bureau