Mason, seat of Mason County, Texas

Mason, seat of Mason County, Texas

The Mason County Courthouse, located in the city of Mason, was destroyed in February 4, 2021 due to a fire caused by a local arsonist. Photograph by Geoffreylong.

Mason, the county seat of Mason County, is on Comanche Creek at the junction of Interstate Highway 87/State Highway 29 and Ranch roads 1871 and 386, in the central part of the county. It grew up around Fort Mason, established in 1851, although some settlers were already in the area before that date. One of the first, William S. Gamel, is thought to have arrived around 1846. Peter Birk and Henry Hick were among the first German settlers who moved west from Fredericksburg. Near the site of present Mason is Gamel Spring, where John O. Meusebach is thought to have signed a treaty with Comanche Chief Ketemoczy in 1847. The area was a favorite Indian campsite, and Gamel Spring was later used as a source of water by Fort Mason. Early settlers gathered around the fort, attracted by the opportunities for employment and protection from Indian attacks. Other settlers were soldiers from the fort whose terms of enlistment had expired. A sutler's store and blacksmith shop formed the nucleus of the early town when they were moved from the actual fort on Post Hill to the nearby community of Mason.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Mason is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Fort-]


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Mason by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
2,293 2019 Texas Demographic Center
2,114 2010 Texas Demographic Center
2,134 2000 Texas Demographic Center
2,041 1990 Texas Demographic Center
2,153 1980 Texas Demographic Center
1,806 1970 Texas Demographic Center
1,815 1960 Texas Demographic Center
2,448 1950 Texas Demographic Center
1,500 1940 Texas Demographic Center
2,000 1930 Texas Demographic Center
1,200 1920 Texas Demographic Center
1,137 1900 Texas Demographic Center
575 1880 Texas Demographic Center