Mendoza is on U.S. Highway 183 ten miles north of Lockhart in north central Caldwell County. It was named for an early settler in the area. A post office operated there from 1892 to 1911. In 1905 the community had a school with one teacher and forty-seven students, and in the first quarter of the twentieth century Mendoza reported a population of 200. The 1936 county highway map showed a school, a church, a cemetery, an industrial site, several other businesses, and numerous residences at the townsite. During the Great Depression the population of Mendoza fell to 100, where it remained until the mid-1960s, when it dropped to fifty. In 1987 one business was reported there. The population of the community was still estimated as fifty in 1990. In 2000 the population was 100.
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Mendoza by the Numbers
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