Mexia

Mexia is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 84 and State highways 14 and 171, twelve miles northeast of Groesbeck in northeastern Limestone County. It was named for the MexĂ­a family, who in 1833 received an eleven-league land grant that included what is now the townsite. The town was laid out in 1870 by a trustee of the Houston and Texas Central Townsite Company, which offered lots for sale in 1871, as the Houston and Texas Central Railway was completed between Hearne and Groesbeck. The Mexia post office began operation in 1872, and the community was incorporated with a mayoral form of government in 1873 by an act of the legislature. The city's first newspaper, the Ledger, was established in Fairfield in 1869 and moved to Mexia in 1872. By 1880 Mexia also had four schools, three churches, and a variety of businesses to serve its 1,800 residents; by 1885 the town had a gas works, an opera house, two banks, two sawmills, and 2,000 residents. The Mexia Democrat was established in 1887 and the Weekly News in 1898. Between 1904 and 1906 the Trinity and Brazos Valley Railway built track between Hillsboro and Houston, making Mexia a commercial crossroads for area farmers.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Mexia is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Mexia is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    31.67926410
    Longitude
    -96.48133100

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Mexia by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Mexia
Pop. Year Source
7,709 2019 Texas Demographic Center
7,459 2010 Texas Demographic Center
6,563 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,933 1990 Texas Demographic Center
7,094 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,943 1970 Texas Demographic Center
6,121 1960 Texas Demographic Center
6,627 1950 Texas Demographic Center
6,410 1940 Texas Demographic Center
6,579 1930 Texas Demographic Center
3,482 1920 Texas Demographic Center
2,694 1910 Texas Demographic Center
2,393 1900 Texas Demographic Center
1,674 1890 Texas Demographic Center
1,298 1880 Texas Demographic Center