Miami

Miami, Texas

Miami, Texas

View of Miami, Texas. Photograph by Austin Lamar Allison.

Miami, the county seat of Roberts County, is on U.S. Highway 60 between Canadian and Pampa in the southeastern part of the county. It is in the Red Deer Creek valley, backdropped by a mesa called Mount Moriah. Miami supposedly derives its name from an Indian word meaning "sweetheart." The first settler on this site was Marion Armstrong, who in 1879 erected a half-dugout stagecoach stand near Red Deer Creek on the mail route from Mobeetie and Fort Elliott to Las Vegas, New Mexico. The town was platted in 1887 by B. H. Eldridge on the proposed route of the Southern Kansas (later Panhandle and Santa Fe) Railway. Samuel Edge and Mark Huselby purchased several lots and formed the Miami Townsite Company. Supplies for the railroad-construction crews were furnished by daily stages from Mobeetie. By 1888 Miami had 250 inhabitants and three hotels, three grocery stores, two saloons and a cafe, two livery stables, a post office, a mercantile store, a drugstore, and a tin shop. When Roberts County was organized in January 1889, Miami was chosen as county seat. The election, however, was declared fraudulent in December, and Parnell, twenty-five miles northwest, was the legal seat of county government until Miami won another election in November 1898. The present courthouse was built in 1913 to replace an earlier wooden structure.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Miami is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Miami is classified as a Town

Locations

  • Latitude
    35.69231120
    Longitude
    -100.64156000

Has Post Office

Yes

Is Incorporated

Yes

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Miami by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Miami
Pop. Year Source
551 2019 Texas Demographic Center
597 2010 Texas Demographic Center
588 2000 Texas Demographic Center
675 1990 Texas Demographic Center
813 1980 Texas Demographic Center
611 1970 Texas Demographic Center
656 1960 Texas Demographic Center
645 1950 Texas Demographic Center
713 1940 Texas Demographic Center
953 1930 Texas Demographic Center
937 1920 Texas Demographic Center
286 1900 Texas Demographic Center