Miami, the county seat of Roberts County, is on U.S. Highway 60 between Canadian and Pampa in the southeastern part of the county. It is in the Red Deer Creek valley, backdropped by a mesa called Mount Moriah. Miami supposedly derives its name from an Indian word meaning "sweetheart." The first settler on this site was Marion Armstrong, who in 1879 erected a half-dugout stagecoach stand near Red Deer Creek on the mail route from Mobeetie and Fort Elliott to Las Vegas, New Mexico. The town was platted in 1887 by B. H. Eldridge on the proposed route of the Southern Kansas (later Panhandle and Santa Fe) Railway. Samuel Edge and Mark Huselby purchased several lots and formed the Miami Townsite Company. Supplies for the railroad-construction crews were furnished by daily stages from Mobeetie. By 1888 Miami had 250 inhabitants and three hotels, three grocery stores, two saloons and a cafe, two livery stables, a post office, a mercantile store, a drugstore, and a tin shop. When Roberts County was organized in January 1889, Miami was chosen as county seat. The election, however, was declared fraudulent in December, and Parnell, twenty-five miles northwest, was the legal seat of county government until Miami won another election in November 1898. The present courthouse was built in 1913 to replace an earlier wooden structure.
Miami at a Glance
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Miami by the Numbers
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|551||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|597||2010||Texas Demographic Center|
|588||2000||Texas Demographic Center|
|675||1990||Texas Demographic Center|
|813||1980||Texas Demographic Center|
|611||1970||Texas Demographic Center|
|656||1960||Texas Demographic Center|
|645||1950||Texas Demographic Center|
|713||1940||Texas Demographic Center|
|953||1930||Texas Demographic Center|
|937||1920||Texas Demographic Center|
|286||1900||Texas Demographic Center|