Mills County

Mills County, Texas

Mills County, Texas

The Mills County Courthouse is located in Goldthwaite, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Aualliso.

Mills County is in central Texas, bordered on the north by Comanche County, on the east by Hamilton County, on the south by San Saba and Lampasas counties, and on the west by Brown County. The center of the county lies at approximately 31°30' north latitude and 98°35' west longitude, 110 miles northwest of Austin. The county lies partly in the Grand Prairie region and partly in the western Cross Timbers. The county was named for John T. Mills, and its area covers 734 square miles of hills and plateaus that drain to the Colorado River, its western boundary. Elevations range from 1,100 to 1,700 feet above sea level. A range of hills, the Cowhouse Mountains, extends from southeast to northwest, and picturesque San Saba peak (1,712 feet), covered by cedars and large white rocks, is a local landmark. Pecan Bayou flows north to south across the western section. Soils are alluvial, black waxy, sandy, and loam; timber includes live oak, post oak, cottonwood, shinnery, and pecan. Temperatures in Mills range between an average minimum of 34° F in January to an average maximum of 87° F in July. The average annual rainfall is 27.52 inches, and the growing season lasts 230 days. The county's agricultural economy produces an income of $28 million annually, 90 percent of which is from sheep, beef cattle, goats, and hogs; crops of small grains, sorghums, and forage account for the remainder. Manufactures, chiefly of farm equipment, yield $2,200,000 annually. Fishing and hunting support a tourist industry on the Colorado River. Major roads are U.S. Highway 84/183 (west to east) and State Highway 16 (north to south).

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Mills County

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Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Mills County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

1112 ft – 1762 ft

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Mills County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Mills County
Pop. Year Source
4,873 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Mills County
People Year Source
1,763 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$37,153 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Mills County
USD ($) Year Source
1,893,187,235 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Mills County
USD ($) Year Source
93,880,794 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Mills County
USD ($) Year Source
11,654,231 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
4.5 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
30.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
33.0 91.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Mills County
Area (square miles) Year Source
748.3 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Mills County
Area (square miles) Year Source
749.8 2019 United States Census Bureau