Mineral Wells

Mineral Wells, Texas

Mineral Wells, Texas

View of gorgeous fall foliage in Mineral Wells, Texas.
Photograph Credit: Robert Plocheck.
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Map of Palo Pinto County

Mineral Wells is at the junction of U.S. highways 180 and 281 and on the Weatherford, Mineral Wells and Northwestern Railway in east central Palo Pinto County. The site was settled in 1877 by J. A. Lynch, who laid out the town in 1881. In 1882 a stage line operated between Mineral Wells and Millsap, the terminus of the Texas and Pacific Railway. The local wellwater became famous for its medicinal qualities after Lynch dug the first well and cured his rheumatism with the foul-tasting water. The town boomed as a health resort after 1885, when the Crazy Well was dug. Crazy Water, said to be a sure cure for numerous disorders including hysteria and other mental problems, was bottled and shipped throughout the country. People flocked to Mineral Wells to drink its waters and bathe in specially constructed bathhouses. J. C. Son, founder of the Palo Pinto Star, wrote articles extolling the water in exchange for one of Lynch's town lots. The railroad reached Mineral Wells in 1891, and the first of several resort hotels, the Hexagon House, was built in 1897.

By 1920 the town had 400 mineral wells and was billed as "the South's greatest health resort." Many visitors were attracted each June to the Texas Health Festival. The population was 577 in 1890, 2,048 in 1900, 7,890 in 1920, 6,303 in 1940, 11,053 in 1960, 18,411 in 1970, and 14,468 in 1980. In the decades between 1940 and 1970, population figures reflected the military presence at Camp Wolters (see FORT WOLTERS MILITARY RESERVATION). In 1966 Mineral Wells had 365 businesses, including thirty-five manufacturers, thirty-seven churches, two newspapers, a hospital, a radio station, and a business college. In 1990 it had a population of 14,870 and 304 businesses. The population grew to 16,946 in 2000 with 839 businesses. Although the town remained a center for retirement, health, and recreation, it also had a healthy industrial base in the manufacturing of clay pipe, aircraft systems, plastics, electronic products, bricks, feeds, clothing, and other products. An extension of Weatherford College is located in Mineral Wells. In 1985 Shadows on the Wall, a movie, was filmed at the local Baker Hotel.

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William R. Hunt | © TSHA

Handbook of Texas Logo

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Mineral Wells is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Mineral Wells is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Ednaville)
  • (Willow Pond)


Latitude: 32.81690070
Longitude: -98.07765100

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Mineral Wells by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Mineral Wells
Pop. Year Source
14,820 2020 United States Census Bureau
17,295 2019 Texas Demographic Center
16,788 2010 United States Census Bureau
16,946 2000 United States Census Bureau
14,935 1990 United States Census Bureau
14,468 1980 United States Census Bureau
18,411 1970 United States Census Bureau
11,053 1960 United States Census Bureau
7,801 1950 United States Census Bureau
6,303 1940 United States Census Bureau
5,986 1930 United States Census Bureau
7,890 1920 United States Census Bureau
3,950 1910 United States Census Bureau
2,048 1900 United States Census Bureau
577 1890 United States Census Bureau