New Boston

New Boston is on U.S. Highway 82 and the Missouri Pacific Railroad twenty-one miles west of Texarkana in the central part of Bowie County. When the railroad was being constructed four miles north of Boston in the summer of 1876, it was clear to many businessmen in Boston (now Old Boston) that their town would suffer a serious decline as a consequence of its distance from the line. At a mass meeting J. H. Smelser, a local resident and surveyor for the railroad, was selected to meet with railroad officials to secure the location of a depot at a point on the line nearest to Boston. The negotiations were successful, and in September 1876 lots were laid out and put up for sale on 100 acres that the railroad had purchased. Because most of those engaged in the project were from Boston, the new town was named New Boston. A post office was established in 1877 with L. C. DeMorse as postmaster. The town grew rapidly. By 1884 it had 400 residents, two churches, a school, several mills and gins, and a newspaper, the New Boston Herald, edited by W. W. West. A furniture factory and another newspaper, the Bowie County Populist, were added in the 1890s.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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New Boston is classified as a Town


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New Boston by the Numbers

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Population Counts

New Boston
Pop. Year Source
4,612 2020 United States Census Bureau
4,660 2019 Texas Demographic Center
4,550 2010 United States Census Bureau
4,808 2000 United States Census Bureau
5,057 1990 United States Census Bureau
4,628 1980 United States Census Bureau
4,034 1970 United States Census Bureau
2,773 1960 United States Census Bureau
2,688 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,111 1940 United States Census Bureau
949 1930 United States Census Bureau
869 1920 United States Census Bureau