Newton County

Newton County, Texas

Newton County, Texas

Map showing Newton County. Map Credit: Map showing Newton County, Texas, 1907 postal map, #2090, Courtesy of the Texas General Land Office via TexasEscapes.com.

Newton County is in southeastern Texas on the Louisiana border. Newton, the geographic center and largest town of the county, is seventy miles northeast of Beaumont at 30°51' north latitude and 93°45' west longitude. Newton County comprises 950 square miles of the lower regions of the East Texas timber belt. Common trees include longleaf and shortleaf pines, oak, magnolia, hickory, and cypress. The rolling terrain, dominated by loamy topsoils, ranges from 30 to 300 feet above sea level. The Sabine River forms the county's eastern boundary. Major tributaries in the county include, from north to south, Little Cow Creek, Quicksand Creek, Big Cow Creek, and Big Cypress Creek. Oil and gas dominate the county's mineral resources. Temperatures range from an average high in July of 93° F to an average January low of 40° F. Rainfall averages just over fifty-four inches annually, the highest for any county in the state. The growing season extends for 228 days per year. Indians were the earliest human inhabitants of Newton County. Artifacts attributed to members of the Caddo confederacies have been located in present-day Newton County. The Atakapans, whose name means "man-eaters" in Choctaw, occupied the coastal regions around the Sabine River and may also have ventured into Newton County. The Coushattas, who migrated to lower East Texas during the early 1800s, also came through the county. In fact, one of the earliest trails through the area was known as the Coushatta Trace. The lands which eventually comprised Newton County were included in Lorenzo de Zavala's 1829 grant from the Mexican government. At least twenty-one settlers received title to land now in the county in 1834 and 1835. Most of the area of present-day Newton County was part of the Municipality of Liberty from 1831 to 1834 and the Municipality of Bevil, which later became Jasper County, from 1834 to 1846. The area north of the Little Cow Creek, which includes one-fifth of the present county, was within the Municipality of San Augustine in 1834–35 and the Municipality of Sabine from 1835 to 1837, before becoming part of Jasper County in 1837. The state legislature marked off Newton County on April 22, 1846, from the eastern half of Jasper County and named it in honor of John Newton, a veteran of the American Revolution. The county's boundaries have remained unchanged since that time save for a small cession along the western border to Jasper in 1852.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Newton County

Highlighted:
  • Newton County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Newton County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

10 ft – 568 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
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Newton Town
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Scrappin Valley Town
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South Toledo Bend Town
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Newton County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Newton County
Pop. Year Source
13,595 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Newton County
People Year Source
4,953 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$33,350 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Newton County
USD ($) Year Source
2,226,290,841 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Newton County
USD ($) Year Source
32,958,484 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Newton County
USD ($) Year Source
12,113,232 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
12.3 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
54.9 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
36.5 93.1 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Newton County
Area (square miles) Year Source
933.7 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Newton County
Area (square miles) Year Source
939.7 2019 United States Census Bureau