City of Pampa, Texas

City of Pampa, Texas

Business District in the City of Pampa, seat of Gray County, Texas. Photograph by Charles Henry.

Pampa, the county seat and largest town in Gray County, is at the junction of U.S. highway 60 and State highways 70, 152, and 273, in the northwestern part of the county. The site, once owned by the Francklyn Land and Cattle Company (later White Deer Land Company), was designated as a station on the Southern Kansas Railway in the summer of 1887. The first resident was Thomas H. Lane, the railroad section foreman, who settled his family in a half-dugout near the boxcar station, which was known initially as Glasgow and then as Sutton. Because of confusion with Sutton County, railroad officials asked George Tyng, manager of the White Deer Land Company, to select a new name for Sutton. After his first suggestions were rejected by the chief engineer, Tyng submitted the name Pampa because the place resembled the pampas of Argentina, which he had earlier visited. The post office opened in 1892 with Lane as postmaster. Tyng constructed Pampa's first frame building as the White Deer Land Company boardinghouse. This building later was leased to the Matador Ranch as a headquarters and then sold to Alfred Ace Holland, who made it the town's first hotel. As early as December 1, 1889, Tyng had recommended that the White Deer Land Company establish a town at the Sutton station. In 1898 Russell Benedict, associate of trustee Frederic Foster, came from New York to investigate this possibility.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Pampa is part of or belongs to the following places.

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Adoption Status: ⭐
This place has been adopted and will not be available until October 25, 2032
Adopted by:
Mary Eloise Batts
Dedication Message:
In honor of my great grandfather, Timothy Dwight Hobart, and his bride, Minnie Wood Warren.

Currently Exists


Place type

Pampa is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Glasgow)
  • (Ontario)
  • (Sutton)


  • Latitude

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


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Pampa by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
16,867 2020 United States Census Bureau
17,074 2019 Texas Demographic Center
17,994 2010 United States Census Bureau
17,887 2000 United States Census Bureau
19,959 1990 United States Census Bureau
21,396 1980 United States Census Bureau
21,726 1970 United States Census Bureau
24,664 1960 United States Census Bureau
16,583 1950 United States Census Bureau
12,895 1940 United States Census Bureau
10,470 1930 United States Census Bureau
987 1920 United States Census Bureau