Pecos, the county seat of Reeves County, is on the western bank of the Pecos River, U.S. highways 80 and 285, Interstate Highway 20, and the Missouri Pacific Railroad, in the east central part of the county. It was established in the nineteenth century on the east side of the river as a camp for cattle drives up the river. In the 1880s the town was moved to the west side of the river and a plat was filed. However, a clear title to the land could not be secured. George A. Knight, who owned title to the section of land upon which the town was platted, offered the Texas and Pacific Railway a location for a depot and a gift of several town blocks. The railroad accepted his offer and built its tracks through the area in 1881. The town was called first Pecos Station, then Pecos City, and finally Pecos. In 1883 Reeves County was separated from Pecos County, and Pecos opened a three-room public school with fifty-two students. Pecos was named the county seat when Reeves County was organized in 1884. A post office was established the same year. In 1885 Pecos had a population of 150. In the 1890s the town developed a reputation for violence after several gunfights occurred there. During the 1899–1900 school term Pecos had one school, 111 students, and three teachers. A second school was added for the 1900–01 school term, when 148 students were taught by four teachers.
Pecos at a Glance
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Pecos by the Numbers
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|10,331||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|8,780||2010||Texas Demographic Center|
|9,501||2000||Texas Demographic Center|
|12,069||1990||Texas Demographic Center|
|12,855||1980||Texas Demographic Center|
|12,682||1970||Texas Demographic Center|
|12,728||1960||Texas Demographic Center|
|8,054||1950||Texas Demographic Center|
|4,855||1940||Texas Demographic Center|
|3,304||1930||Texas Demographic Center|
|1,445||1920||Texas Demographic Center|
|1,856||1910||Texas Demographic Center|
|639||1900||Texas Demographic Center|
|393||1890||Texas Demographic Center|