Pharr is on the Missouri Pacific line and old U.S. Highway 83 (now Interstate Highway 2), just to the east of McAllen in south central Hidalgo County. Its site is within a Spanish land grant made in 1767 to Juan José Hinojosa. The Hinojosa family and heirs sold off portions of their land to various groups in the late nineteenth century and occupied the area as late as 1882. In 1909 John Connally Kelley, Sr., and Henry N. Pharr, a Louisiana sugarcane grower, became co-owners of 16,000 acres, with two miles of frontage on the river. Pharr founded the Louisiana and Rio Grande Canal Company and constructed an irrigation system to establish a sugar plantation. Kelley formed the Pharr Townsite Company, which platted the town that he named Pharr in honor of his partner. By 1911 the community was a stop on the St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway, and 4,000 acres had been sold for settlement. A hotel, a bank, and various businesses were also in operation. Pharr's plantation venture failed with the collapse of the Rio Grande valley sugarcane industry. Kelley then took over the irrigation system and continued to supply water to area vegetable and cotton farms. In 1915 the town's population was estimated at 600, and by that year schools had opened, with Mexican students attending classes at the six-grade East Juárez school. When the site for the school was moved, it became known as Pharr Grammar School for Mexican Children. Separate facilities for junior and senior high school students were not provided because Mexican children were not expected to get beyond grammar school.
At a Glance
Pharr is part of or belongs to the following places.
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Pharr is classified as a Town
- (Las Milpas-Hidalgo Park)
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Pharr by the Numbers
This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."
|79,715||2020||United States Census Bureau|
|81,399||2019||Texas Demographic Center|
|70,400||2010||United States Census Bureau|
|46,660||2000||United States Census Bureau|
|32,921||1990||United States Census Bureau|
|21,381||1980||United States Census Bureau|
|15,829||1970||United States Census Bureau|
|14,106||1960||United States Census Bureau|
|8,690||1950||United States Census Bureau|
|4,784||1940||United States Census Bureau|
|3,225||1930||United States Census Bureau|
|1,565||1920||United States Census Bureau|