Pittsburg, Texas

Pittsburg, Texas

Jefferson Street, dowtown in the City of Pittsburg, Texas. Photgraph by Michael Barera.

Pittsburg, the county seat of Camp County, is at the junctions of U.S. Highway 271 and State Highway 11 and of the Louisiana and Arkansas and the St. Louis Southwestern railways, sixty miles southwest of Texarkana in the central portion of the county. It is the largest and the oldest town in the county. There are six major lakes within eighteen miles of Pittsburg that are reputed to be among the best bass-fishing lakes in Texas. Caddo and Cherokee Indians resided in the area during the early 1800s, but they had for the most part abandoned the area before settlers began arriving from Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama in the late 1830s. A community began to emerge in the 1850s, and when the post office was established in 1855 it was named Pittsburgh, in honor of the family of William Harrison Pitts, said to have arrived from Warren County, Georgia, the year before. The Pittsburg Gazette was founded in 1884 and has been in continuous operation since that time. In 1893 the spelling of the post office name was changed to Pittsburg. As the part of Upshur County near Big Cypress Creek became more heavily populated, Pittsburg grew in size and importance. The roads between there and Gilmer, the county seat and major market center of Upshur County, were of poor quality, and Big Cypress Creek was often difficult to cross during rainy seasons. Thus by 1860 Pittsburg became the major market center for the future Camp County. The town had doctors, lawyers, a watchmaker, a brick mason, two shoemakers, two blacksmiths, and several merchants, carpenters, and wagonmakers, as well as a Methodist church. By 1870 Pittsburg served as the post office for 2,400 people.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Adoption Status: ⭐
This place has been adopted and will not be available until December 23, 2023
Adopted by:
John R. Pitts, Jr.
Dedication Message:
In honor of John R. Pitts

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Place type

Pittsburg is classified as a Town

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Pittsburg by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
4,646 2018 United States Census Bureau
4,497 2010 United States Census Bureau
4,347 2000 United States Census Bureau
4,007 1990 United States Census Bureau
4,245 1980 United States Census Bureau
3,844 1970 United States Census Bureau
3,796 1960 United States Census Bureau
3,142 1950 United States Census Bureau
2,916 1940 United States Census Bureau
2,640 1930 United States Census Bureau
2,540 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,916 1910 United States Census Bureau
1,783 1900 United States Census Bureau
1,203 1890 United States Census Bureau