Polk County

Polk County, Texas

Polk County, Texas

The Polk County Courthouse is located in Livingston, the seat of Polk County, Texas. Photograph by Jim Evans.

Polk County is in the East Texas Timberlands region on the east bank of the Trinity River. Its geographical center is at 94°50' north latitude and 30°49' west longitude. The county seat, Livingston, straddles U.S. highways 59 and 190 about seventy-six miles northeast of Houston. The county comprises 1,061 square miles, ranging in elevation from 100 to 300 feet. The land gently rolls in the north and has light-colored, loamy surfaces and deep, reddish clay subsoils. To the south the topography is more level, with acidic, sandy to loamy surfaces and deep, reddish loam or clay subsoils. Along the Trinity River the soils are dark with loamy surfaces and cracking clay subsoils. Marine deposits indicate that the region was once under the sea. Pine and hardwood forests cover much of the area, but nearly 40 percent of the county is considered prime farmland. The Neches and Trinity rivers border the county, which is drained by seven primary streams: Menard, Sally, Tombigbee, Big Sandy, Long King, Piney, and Kickapoo creeks. Lake Livingston, a man-made reservoir on the Trinity River, covers 82,600 acres. The average annual temperature is 67° F. Precipitation averages forty-eight inches annually, and the growing season lasts 250 days.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Polk County

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  • Polk County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Polk County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

68 ft – 484 ft

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Polk County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Polk County
Pop. Year Source
51,353 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Polk County
People Year Source
17,607 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$39,438 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Polk County
USD ($) Year Source
5,036,760,023 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Polk County
USD ($) Year Source
510,272,356 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Polk County
USD ($) Year Source
124,542,524 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
9.8 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
51.5 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
39.6 93.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Polk County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,057.1 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Polk County
Area (square miles) Year Source
1,109.7 2019 United States Census Bureau