Rusk County

Rusk County, Texas

Rusk County, Texas

The Rusk County Courthouse is located in the town of Henderson, Texas, the county seat. Photograph by Michael Barera.

Rusk County is on the Sabine Uplift of the Coastal Plains between the Sabine and Angelina rivers in the Piney Woods of East Texas. It is 120 miles southeast of Dallas and seventy-five miles west-southwest of Shreveport, Louisiana. The county is bounded on the north by Gregg and Harrison counties, on the east by Shelby and Panola counties, on the south by Nacogdoches County, and on the west by Smith and Cherokee counties. Henderson, the county seat, is the near to the geographic center of the county, which is at 32°10' north latitude and 94°45' west longitude. The county's transportation needs are served by U. S. highways 59, 79, 84, and 259, State highways 42, 43, 64, 135, 149, and 322, and the Missouri Pacific and Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroads. Rusk County comprises 932 square miles. The terrain is marked by sloping hills, narrow valleys, and glens. The altitude varies from 300 to 750 feet, with the highest elevations along the iron-capped ridges in the northern and northeastern and southern portions. The soil of the county is light-colored deep sandy loam with underlying clay and lignite, both of which are produced in the county. The clay is made into bricks by Boral-Henderson Clay Products, and the lignite is mined by Texas Utility Mining and Generating Company. Between 11 and 20 percent of the land in the county is considered prime farmland. The county is forested with more than twenty varieties of trees. Red and white pine, post oak, blackjack, and hickory are commonly found in the uplands, and white oak, red oak, ash, walnut, mulberry, ironwood, gum, elm, beech, and dogwood grow abundantly in the low-lying areas. Cypress trees are found along Cherokee Bayou, Tiawichi Creek, and other streams. Grasses include Bermuda, fescue, and Johnson, together with burr clover. Wildflowers abound in the spring: violets, blue daisies, cowslips, yellow jessamines, wild honeysuckle, standing cypress, wild onion, tigrida, and blackeyed susans. The climate is subtropical-humid, with mild winters and warm summers. Temperatures range in January from an average low of 35° F to an average high of 56°, and in July from 71° to 94°. The average annual rainfall is forty-five inches. The average relative humidity is 85 percent at 6:00 A.M. and 57 percent at 6:00 P.M. The average annual snowfall is two inches. The growing season averages 250 days a year, with the last freeze in mid-March and the first freeze in mid-November.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Rusk County

Highlighted:
  • Rusk County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Rusk County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

250 ft – 710 ft

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Noteworthy Place Type
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Iron Mountain Town
Irwin Town
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Lake Cherokee Lake
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Martin Creek Lake Lake
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Miller Town
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Minden Town
Monroe Town
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Mount Enterprise Town
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Needmore Town
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Oak Flats Town
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Old Minden Town
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Patrick Town
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Poindexter Town
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Price Town
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Rake Pocket Town
Reagan Town
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Striker Lake Lake
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Summer Grove Town
Tasso Town
Tate Town
Tatum Town
Tin Top Town
Trukton Town
Turnertown-Selman City Town
Valley Grove Town
Vannoy's Town
Walker's Town
Walling's Ferry Town
Walling's Mills Town
Welch Town
Wherry Town
Wiggins Town
Williams Settlement Town
Wood Town
Wooten's Town
Wragg's Hill Town
Zion Grove Town

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Rusk County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Rusk County
Pop. Year Source
54,406 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Rusk County
People Year Source
21,824 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$36,485 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Rusk County
USD ($) Year Source
5,051,016,680 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Rusk County
USD ($) Year Source
373,341,294 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Rusk County
USD ($) Year Source
158,976,674 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.1 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
49.4 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
34.9 92.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Rusk County
Area (square miles) Year Source
924.0 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Rusk County
Area (square miles) Year Source
938.4 2019 United States Census Bureau