City of Seminole, Gaines County, Texas

City of Seminole, Gaines County, Texas

Aereal view of the City of Seminole, seat of Gaines County, Texas. Photograph by Ken Lund.

Seminole, the county seat of Gaines County, is at the intersection of U.S. highways 62, 180, and 385, State Highway 214, and Farm Road 181 in central Gaines County. In 1905, prior to the organization of Gaines County, W. B. Austin opened a post office in his store, which was about a mile south of the site of Seminole. The post office was named Caput. Later that year a syndicate of New York investors donated land for the county seat of the newly organized county. The new community was platted and lots went on sale in 1906. Early merchants included Austin, who relocated to the new site, Guy Stark, and W. H. Brennard. In 1906 Seminole post office opened and a wooden courthouse was built. The Seminole Presbyterian Church, built in 1906–07, served as a meeting place for a number of local denominations and hosted a Union Sunday school. A Methodist church was built in 1908, and a Baptist church followed in 1922. Seminole schools began with a small two-story building erected in 1906 to serve the eastern part of the town, and a second school was built on the west side in 1910. A weekly newspaper, the Seminole Sentinel, started publishing in 1907 and was still in operation in the 1990s. The Seminole National Bank opened in 1906 and was followed by the First State Bank in 1907. Bank robbers got away with more than $3,000 from the Seminole National Bank in 1912. The two banks consolidated as the First State Bank in 1914.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Place type

Seminole is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Caput)


  • Latitude

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Seminole by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
7,641 2019 Texas Demographic Center
6,430 2010 Texas Demographic Center
5,910 2000 Texas Demographic Center
6,342 1990 Texas Demographic Center
6,080 1980 Texas Demographic Center
5,007 1970 Texas Demographic Center
5,737 1960 Texas Demographic Center
3,479 1950 Texas Demographic Center
1,761 1940 Texas Demographic Center