Smith County

Smith County, Texas

Smith County, Texas

The Smith County Courthouse is located in the city of Tyler, the county seat. Photograph by Billy Hathorn.

Smith County is located in northeastern Texas fifty-eight miles from the eastern state boundary. It is bordered by the Neches River and Henderson and Van Zandt counties on the west, Cherokee County on the south, Rusk and Upshur counties on the east, and the Sabine River and Upshur and Wood counties on the north. Tyler, the largest town and county seat, is at the intersection of U.S. Highway 69/271 with State highways 155, 110, 31, and 64, near the center of the county (at 32°20' N, 95°15' W). Interstate Highway 20 runs east and west through the northern part of the county. The St. Louis Southwestern Railway (or Cotton Belt), constructed in the 1870s as the Tyler Tap Railroad, crosses Smith County from east to northwest. The Missouri Pacific, constructed in the late 1870s as the International & Great Northern Railroad, crosses the southeast corner of the county. Lake Tyler and Lake Tyler East are major bodies of water in the southeast part of the county, and a third major reservoir, Lake Palestine, is located on the southwestern county line. The county comprises 932 square miles of the East Texas Timberlands region. Two-thirds of this environment is covered in post oak, blackjack oak, and tall grasses, and one-third is heavily forested with pine and hardwoods. The soil varies from sandy prairie loams in the northwest and east to loam-covered clay through the remainder of the county. The elevation ranges from 300 to 600 feet above mean sea level. Mineral resources include petroleum, gas, iron ore, clay, limestone, lignite, and salt. Only 1 to 10 percent of the county is prime farm land. The climate is warm and moist; the annual rainfall averages forty-four inches, and temperatures range from an average low of 33° F in January to an average high of 95° in July. The first freeze is usually late in November and the last early in March; the growing season thus lasts 259 days.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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County Map of Texas

Smith County

Highlighted:
  • Smith County

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Smith County is classified as a County

Altitude Range

275 ft – 671 ft

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Wood Springs Town
Wright City Town
Yancy Town
Youngsboro Town
Zavala Town
Zeno Town

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Smith County by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Smith County
Pop. Year Source
232,751 2019 United States Census Bureau

Civilian Labor Counts

Smith County
People Year Source
106,382 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Per Capita Income (USD) Year Source
$55,229 2019 U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

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Property Values

Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
20,329,916,663 2019 State Property Tax Board

Retail Sales

Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
4,175,878,213 2019 State Comptroller of Public Accounts

Wages

Smith County
USD ($) Year Source
1,308,677,073 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Unemployment Percentage Year Source
8.0 2019 Texas Workforce Commission

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Rainfall (inches) Year Source
46.6 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Min. (January Average, °F) Max. (July Average, °F) Year Source
36.4 92.7 2019 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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Land Area

Smith County
Area (square miles) Year Source
921.5 2019 United States Census Bureau

Total Area

Smith County
Area (square miles) Year Source
949.7 2019 United States Census Bureau