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City of Spearman, Texas

City of Spearman, Texas

Lyric Theater in the City of Spearman in Hansford County, Texas. Photograph by Christian M. Mericle.

Spearman, the county seat of Hansford County, is on State Highway 15 in the southeastern part of the county. It was platted in May 1917 in anticipation of construction of the North Texas and Santa Fe Railway. A post office opened that year. By that time E. C. Hays had a store near the site, which was named for Thomas E. Spearman, a vice president of the line. World War I delayed completion of the railroad from Shattuck, Oklahoma, until October 1919, but Spearman already was thriving; several churches and businesses had moved in from Hansford. Spearman remained the terminus of the railroad until 1931, when the line was extended to Morse and points south. The town was incorporated in 1921 and had thirty businesses, a brick school building, and a population of 1,000 by 1926. Although two disastrous fires (in 1922 and 1924) destroyed most of the business district, more durable buildings, brick streets, and an up-to-date water system were later built. In a 1929 county seat election Spearman defeated Hansford. Spearman businessmen generously aided other citizens during the Great Depression and Dust Bowl. Many of the town's vacant lots were planted in wheat. Bumper wheat crops during World War II, the post-war building boom, and the oil and gas boom of the 1950s contributed to the town's rapid growth. Spearman had a population of 1,105 in 1940 and 4,000 in 1964. Although it had dropped to 3,413 by 1980, the benefits of the oil and agricultural booms were visible in its feedlots, grain storage and marketing outlets, gas processing plant, municipal airport, and hospital and retirement center. A small museum occupied the former home of the Santa Fe railroad agent. In 1990 the population was 3,197. The population dropped to 3,021 in 2000.

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H. Allen Anderson | © TSHA

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Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Spearman is part of or belongs to the following places:

Currently Exists


Place type

Spearman is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • (Selmer)


Latitude: 36.19826790
Longitude: -101.19428000

Has Post Office


Is Incorporated


Spearman by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
3,171 2020 United States Census Bureau
3,291 2019 Texas Demographic Center
3,368 2010 United States Census Bureau
3,021 2000 United States Census Bureau
3,197 1990 United States Census Bureau
3,413 1980 United States Census Bureau
3,435 1970 United States Census Bureau
3,555 1960 United States Census Bureau
1,852 1950 United States Census Bureau
1,105 1940 United States Census Bureau
1,580 1930 United States Census Bureau