Swan

Swan (Swann) is just east of U.S. Highway 69 three miles north of Tyler in east central Smith County. The site, originally part of the Francis Gilkinson survey, was occupied by farmers as early as the 1850s and named for a prominent local family. In the late 1870s it became a station on the International-Great Northern Railroad, and in 1887 the Hopewell post office opened with Leonard N. Stell as postmaster. In 1891 the office was moved to Swan. In 1892 Swan had a population of 200, ten fruit growers, a blacksmith, a carpenter, two doctors, a railroad agent, three schoolteachers, three cotton gins, a general store, and a sawmill. In 1899 there were almost one million fruit trees, mostly peach, in the Swan-Lindale vicinity, and large amounts of strawberries and blackberries were also grown. School records for 1903 showed two schools, one with two teachers and sixty-six White pupils and another with one teacher and sixty-three Black students. By 1904 the population had declined to 102. In 1914 Swan had a bank, a telegraph office, a telephone exchange, three grocery stores, a drugstore, two general stores, and a lumber and feed business. Many Swan farmers suffered economic ruin during the Great Depression. In 1931 the post office was discontinued, and the number of businesses decreased to four. Landowners cooperated on the Duck Creek Soil Erosion Project, which kept their hopes for financial recovery alive. The school system remained intact, and records for 1936 listed two elementary schools, one with three teachers and seventy-two White students and another with one teacher and sixty-six Black pupils. In the 1940s Swan was primarily an agricultural shipping community. The population remained stable at 150; two businesses were reported in 1945. Tyler Pipe Industries transferred there in 1947. The number of businesses had risen to five in 1949 but decreased to three in the 1950s. In 1951 the Swan Methodist Church was established. By 1952 the local schools had been consolidated into the Swan Independent School District, which was absorbed into the Tyler Independent School District in 1960. In 1973 there was a small cluster of dwellings at the site and no businesses were reported. Swan reported 150 residents in 1990. The population remained the same in 2000.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

Belongs to

Swan is part of or belongs to the following places.

Adopt a Town

The Texas Almanac's Land Rush program lets you adopt the town, county, or lake of your choice and share your message with the world. 100% of the proceeds benefit education in Texas.

Currently Exists

Yes

Place type

Swan is classified as a Town

Associated Names

  • [Swann]
  • (Hopewell)

Locations

  • Latitude
    32.43486740
    Longitude
    -95.36717590

Has Post Office

No

Is Incorporated

No

Proud to call TX home?

Put your name on the town or county of your choice.


Search Places »

Swan by the Numbers

This is some placeholder text that we should either remove or replace with a brief summary about this particular metric. For example, "We update population counts once per year..."

Pop. Year Source
150 2009 Local Officials