Tulia, Texas

Tulia, Texas

Tulia is a city in and the seat of Swisher County, Texas. Photograph by Fredlyfish4.

Tulia, the county seat of Swisher County, is on U.S. Highway 87 forty-nine miles south of Amarillo in the central part of the county. Its site was originally on the acreage of the Tule Ranch division of the JA Ranch. In 1887 a post office was established in James A. Parrish's dugout on Middle Tule Draw nine miles west of what is now the site of Tulia. Evidently the name Tule, after the nearby creek, had been selected for this post office, but at some point a clerk's error changed the name to Tulia. Parrish served as postmaster until 1889, when W. G. Conner took over and the post office was moved nine miles east to the homestead he had established in 1887. Also in 1889, a one-room schoolhouse was built; it doubled as a church. Eleven pupils attended school there that first year. Conner's section was chosen for the county seat when Swisher County was organized in 1890. He donated land for the courthouse, the school, and the city park, which is named after him, and ran a wagonyard in town. W. F. Wright began publication of the first newspaper, the Staked Plains Messenger, and by September a two-story frame courthouse had been constructed. Scott Thacker opened the first general store, and Mrs. S. E. Butts ran a boardinghouse. In 1897 the Methodists constructed the first church building.

Adapted from the official Handbook of Texas, a state encyclopedia developed by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). It is an authoritative source of trusted historical records.

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Tulia is classified as a Town

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Tulia by the Numbers

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Population Counts

Pop. Year Source
4,473 2020 United States Census Bureau
4,688 2019 Texas Demographic Center
4,967 2010 United States Census Bureau
5,117 2000 United States Census Bureau
4,703 1990 United States Census Bureau
5,033 1980 United States Census Bureau
5,294 1970 United States Census Bureau
4,410 1960 United States Census Bureau
3,222 1950 United States Census Bureau
2,055 1940 United States Census Bureau
2,202 1930 United States Census Bureau
1,189 1920 United States Census Bureau
1,216 1910 United States Census Bureau